American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of numerous trees, such as the hornbeam and the hop hornbeam, that have very hard wood.
- n. The wood of any of these trees.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of numerous species of peculiarly hard-wooded trees, belonging to many orders and widely distributed. In North America the name commonly denotes Ostrya Virginica, the hop-hornbeam or leverwood; but also
Bumelia lycioides(southern buckthorn), Carpinus Caroliniana (blue beech), Cyrilla racemiflora, Cliftonia ligustrina (titi, buckwheat-tree), Hypelate paniculata (inkwood), and Olneya Tesota. The black ironwood of the same territory is Condalia ferrea; the red, Reynosia latifolia; the white, Hypelate trifoliata. Of the other ironwoods may be mentioned the various species of the tropical genus Sideroxylon, the Indian Xylia dolabriformis, the Erythroxylon areolatum of Jamaica, and the Tasmanian Notelæa ligustrina. Several species of Diospyros (ebony) are called by the same name. Bastard ironwood is the West Indian Xanthoxylum Fagara (X. Pterota); also Trichilia hirta. The black ironwood of South Africa is Olea undulata, and the white is Toddalia lanceolata. Many of these woods are valuable in the arts for purposes requiring great firmness or high polish.
- n. In Polynesia, Casuarina equisetifolia, a littoral tree with jointed leafless branches and very hard and heavy wood: used by the natives for making spears. See horsetail-tree and agoho.
- n. A large tree of the myrtle family, Metrosideros lucida, yielding a very hard, strong, red wood, which is used for ship-building, spokes, hubs, and cross-ties for railways.
- n. countable Any of a number of tree species known for having a particularly solid wood.
- n. uncountable The wood of any ironwood tree.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A tree unusually hard, strong, or heavy wood.
- n. exceptionally tough or hard wood of any of a number of ironwood trees
- n. medium-sized hop hornbeam of eastern North America
- n. handsome East Indian evergreen tree often planted as an ornamental for its fragrant white flowers that yield a perfume; source of very heavy hardwood used for railroad ties
- n. a small slow-growing deciduous tree of northern Iran having a low domed shape
- From iron (for its toughness) + wood (Wiktionary)
“Back in Maine, the term ironwood clearly referred to the common hop hornbeam.”
“Courtesy of the artist Dismantled temples dating from the Qing dynasty (1644-1911) provided the tieli wood -- also called ironwood -- for "Map of China" (2004).”
“Unique to southwestern Morocco, the trees produce a hard wood, called ironwood, used for fuel.”
“Ocean City Mayor Sal Perillo said that he could not ignore the potential long-term cost savings of installing ipe, which is sometimes called ironwood for its durability.”
“More than 160 plant species, including six threatened succulents, depend upon legumes such as ironwood and mesquite for their regeneration in the Sonoran Desert.”
“The two that are getting to me lately are "ironwood," which here in Hawai'i means a variety of Casuarina sp. native to Australia I think.”
“Locally known as "ironwood," casuarinas have been planted for erosion control, dune stabilization, windbreaks, fuelwood plantations, beautification, and watershed cover.”
“Though its historic charm remains, the home also includes a new gourmet kitchen, media room, game room, art studio, ironwood veranda and three original Wright Roman fireplaces.”
“Finally, exasperated, the Geshe pulled a notepad and pencil from his pocket and scrawled his redemptive message: Go up to the mountain and gather ironwood for the winter fires in the temple.”
“The most striking feature of the living area is definitely the ironwood and maple plank floors that are throughout the space.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘ironwood’.
Tree names that end in -wood. Anything ending in -wood that only refers to the wood, eg. applewood, firewood, etc. shall not be planted in this garden.
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