Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of several shrubs or small trees of the genus Prunus, bearing smooth-skinned, fleshy, edible fruit with a single hard-shelled stone that encloses the seed.
  • n. The fruit of any of these trees.
  • n. Any of several trees bearing plumlike fruit.
  • n. The fruit of such a tree.
  • n. A raisin, when added to a pudding or cake.
  • n. A sugarplum.
  • n. A dark purple to deep reddish purple.
  • n. An especially desirable position, assignment, or reward: an ambassadorship granted as a political plum.
  • adv. Variant of plumb.
  • adj. Variant of plumb.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The edible, fleshy stone fruit of Prunus domestica, often of a dark red or purple colour.
  • n. The stone-fruit tree which bears this fruit, Prunus domestica.
  • n. A dark bluish-red color/colour, the colour of some plums.
  • n. A desirable thing.
  • n. A raisin, when used in a pudding or cake.
  • n. A fool, idiot
  • n. A testicle.
  • n. The edible, fleshy stone of Prunus mume, an Asian fruit more closely related to the apricot than the plum, usually consumed pickled, dried, or as a juice or wine; ume.
  • n. The tree which bears this fruit, Prunus mume. See plum blossom.
  • adj. Of a dark bluish-red colour.
  • adj. Choice; especially lavish or preferred.
  • adj. Plumb
  • adv. Completely; utterly.
  • v. To plumb.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica, and of several other species of Prunus; also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree.
  • n. A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
  • n. A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of £100,000 sterling; also, the person possessing it.
  • n. Something likened to a plum in desirableness; a good or choice thing of its kind, as among appointments, positions, parts of a book, etc.
  • n. A color resembling that of a plum; a slightly grayish deep purple, varying somewhat in its red or blue tint.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • An obsolete spelling of plumb.
  • A simplified and former spelling of plumb.
  • n. A fruit of any of the trees called plums (see defs. 2 and 3); specifically, the fruit of a tree of the genus Prunus, distinguished from the peach and apricot by its smooth surface, smaller size, and unwrinkled stone, and from the cherry by the bloom on its surface and commonly larger size.
  • n. One of several small trees of the genus Prunus, forming the section Prunus proper.
  • n. One of numerous trees of other genera bearing plum-like fruit. See phrases below.
  • n. A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.
  • n. A good thing; the best or choicest part; a sugar-plum: in allusion to the use of plums or raisins in cakes, plum-pudding, etc.
  • n. The sum of £100,000 sterling; hence, any handsome sum or fortune generally; sometimes, also, a person possessing such a sum.
  • n. A recently introduced Japanese plum with red flesh. (U. S.)
  • n. Prunus Japonica and other true plums of Japan. See def. 2, and blood-plum .
  • n. In Sierra Leone, either of two species of Chrysobalanus, C. ellipticv.s and C.luteus
  • n. In eastern North America, the wild yellow or red plum, or Canada plum, P. Americana. It has a well-colored fruit with pleasant pulp, but tough acerb skin. It is common along streams, etc., and sometimes planted
  • n. In western North America, P subcordata, whose red fruit, which is large and edible, is often gathered.
  • n. In South Africa, Pappea Capensis.
  • n. In New South Wales, a tree, Sideroxylon australis, with drupaceous fruit, sometimes very tall, having a hard, prettily marked wood, available for cabinet purposes. See also Podotarpus. (See also gingerbread-plum, hog-plum, horse-plum, maiden-plum, mountain-plum, olive-plum.)
  • n. In southern New South Wales, a handsome timber-tree, Eucryphia Moorei, having a clear, moderately hard wood of a light brown color. It is often called acacia, or acacia-plum, since, when not in flower, it resembles some of the larger species of that tree.
  • n. The caper-tree, Capparis nobilis.
  • n. See bullace- plum.
  • n. A low species, Prunus injucunda, with a very bitter fruit, found in Georgia and Alabama.
  • n. See Canada plum.
  • n. The Port Arthur plum (which see, under plum).

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. any of several trees producing edible oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single hard stone
  • adv. completely; used as intensifiers
  • adv. exactly
  • n. a highly desirable position or assignment
  • n. any of numerous varieties of small to medium-sized round or oval fruit having a smooth skin and a single pit

Etymologies

Middle English, from Old English plūme, from Vulgar Latin *prūna, from neuter pl. of Latin prūnum.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old English plūme, from Proto-Germanic *prūmōn. Cognate with German Pflaume, Dutch pruim. Compare prune (Wiktionary)
Phonetically based spelling of plumb (Wiktionary)

Examples

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Comments

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  • My family always said "plum tuckered out". :)

    May 1, 2008

  • Many thanks to both, lyric! (See plum tired)

    May 1, 2008

  • my grandad said he was always plum tired

    May 1, 2008

  • Am I so dear?
    Do I run rare?
    And you've changed some:
    peach, plum, pear.

    -Joanna Newsom

    January 22, 2007

  • This Is Just To Say
    -William Carlos Williams

    I have eaten
    the plums
    that were in
    the icebox

    and which
    you were probably
    saving
    for breakfast

    Forgive me
    they were delicious
    so sweet
    and so cold

    January 22, 2007

  • The Word Plum

    by Helen Chasin

    The word plum is delicious

    pout and push, luxury of
    self-love, and savoring murmur

    full in the mouth and falling
    like fruit

    taut skin
    pierced, bitten, provoked into
    juice, and tart flesh

    question
    and reply, lip and tongue
    of pleasure.

    January 22, 2007