American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Heraldry A shield or shield-shaped emblem bearing a coat of arms.
- n. An ornamental or protective plate, as for a keyhole.
- n. Nautical The plate on the stern of a ship inscribed with the ship's name.
- idiom. a blot on (one's) escutcheon Dishonor to one's reputation.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In heraldry, the surface upon which are charged a person's armorial bearings, other than the crest, motto, supporters, etc., which are borne separately. This surface is usually shield-shaped, and shield is often used as synonymous with escutcheon. But the escutcheon of a woman is lozenge-shaped and should not be styled a shield, and the sculptured escutcheons of the eighteenth century were commonly panels of fantastic form, surrounded by rococo scrollwork, and usually having a convex rounded surface. (See
cartouche, 7.) The space within the outline of the escutcheon is called, for the purposes of blazon, the field. (See field.) A shield used as a bearing is sometimes improperly called an escutcheon. See shield. Also scutcheon.
- n. Something, either artificial or natural, having more or less resemblance to an escutcheon. Specifically— Nautical, the panel on a ship's stern where her name is painted
- n. heraldry An individual or corporate coat of arms.
- n. A decorative and/or protective plate or bezel to fill the gap between a switch, pipe, valve, control knob, etc., and the surface from which it protrudes.
- n. The insignia around a doorknob's exterior hardware or a door lock's cosmetic plate.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Her.) The surface, usually a shield, upon which bearings are marshaled and displayed. The surface of the escutcheon is called the field, the upper part is called the chief, and the lower part the base (see chiff, and field.). That side of the escutcheon which is on the right hand of the knight who bears the shield on his arm is called dexter, and the other side sinister.
- n. A marking upon the back of a cow's udder and the space above it (the perineum), formed by the hair growing upward or outward instead of downward. It is esteemed an index of milking qualities.
- n. (Naut.) That part of a vessel's stern on which her name is written.
- n. (Carp.) A thin metal plate or shield to protect wood, or for ornament, as the shield around a keyhole.
- n. (Zoöl.) The depression behind the beak of certain bivalves; the ligamental area.
- n. a flat protective covering (on a door or wall etc) to prevent soiling by dirty fingers
- n. a shield; especially one displaying a coat of arms
- n. (nautical) a plate on a ship's stern on which the name is inscribed
- From Anglo-Norman escuchon, ultimately from Latin scutum ("shield"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English escochon, from Anglo-Norman escuchon, from Vulgar Latin *scūtiō, scūtiōn-, from Latin scūtum, shield. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The fair fame of Harvard is the possession of every son and daughter of Massachusetts, and the least stain that mars her escutcheon is the sorrow of all.”
“To the left of the escutcheon was the figure of a woman, standing.”
“Camden society what the old church at Jamestown probably was, may be seen the tomb of a Tazewell, who died in 1706, on which is engraved the coat of arms of the family, -- a lion rampant, bearing a helmet with a vizor closed on his back; an escutcheon, which is evidently of Norman origin, and won by some daring feat of arms, and which could only have been held by one of the conquering race.”
“The Zornozas boast an escutcheon which is embellished with a band, a number of wolves, and a legend whose import I do not recall.”
“Victorian outcry against what was termed 'a blot 'on the already rather shady' escutcheon 'of Australia, the immigration was stopped in 1868.”
“Dorsetshire, of the latter period, is of stone, the upper part worked in plain oblong panels; and a kind of escutcheon within one of these bears the date 1592; the lower part or basement of this pulpit is circular in form.”
“Holding out the word "government" as a kind of escutcheon to his people, it is Obama's message that his government is the ally not just of multicultural Democrats, as his opponents would have it, but the friend of all Americans.”
“Clack Row, "mentioned in the preceding extract from the minutes, and it is likely that there is some connection between the" escutcheon "ordered and his burial, i.e. it was, probably ordered for his coffin, he being" in extremis "at the time the”
“Heraldry — abatement, cadency, clarion, escutcheon, jessant-de-lys, rampant, talbot (I could go on for close to a thousand words as classical heraldry uses Norman French)”
“Her whiter-than-white teeth caused Biden boosters in the theater to recoil in horror at this blot on Joe's enamel escutcheon.”
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From Notre Dame de Paris by good ole Victor Hugo. (Also called The Hunchback of Notre Dame.)
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