Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The state of the atmosphere at a given time and place, with respect to variables such as temperature, moisture, wind velocity, and barometric pressure.
  • n. Adverse or destructive atmospheric conditions, such as high winds or heavy rain: encountered weather five miles out to sea.
  • n. The unpleasant or destructive effects of such atmospheric conditions: protected the house from the weather.
  • n. Changes of fortune: had known him in many weathers.
  • transitive v. To expose to the action of the elements, as for drying, seasoning, or coloring.
  • transitive v. To discolor, disintegrate, wear, or otherwise affect adversely by exposure.
  • transitive v. To come through (something) safely; survive: weather a crisis.
  • transitive v. To slope (a roof, for example) so as to shed water.
  • transitive v. Nautical To pass to the windward of despite bad weather.
  • intransitive v. To show the effects, such as discoloration, of exposure to the elements: The walls of the barn had weathered.
  • intransitive v. To withstand the effects of weather: a house paint that weathers well.
  • adj. Nautical Of or relating to the windward side of a ship; windward.
  • adj. Relating to or used in weather forecasting: a weather plane.
  • weather in To experience or cause to experience weather conditions that prevent movement: The squadron is weathered in because of dense fog. Such a storm will weather the fleet in.
  • idiom make heavy weather of To exaggerate the difficulty of something to be done.
  • idiom under the weather Somewhat indisposed; slightly ill.
  • idiom under the weather Intoxicated; drunk.
  • idiom under the weather Suffering from a hangover.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The short term state of the atmosphere at a specific time and place, including the temperature, humidity, cloud cover, precipitation, wind, etc.
  • n. Unpleasant or destructive atmospheric conditions, and its effects.
  • n. The direction from which the wind is blowing; used attributively to indicate the windward side.
  • n. A situation.
  • v. To expose to the weather, or show the effects of such exposure, or to withstand such effects.
  • v. To pass to windward in a vessel, especially to beat 'round.
  • v. To endure or survive an event or action without undue damage.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Being toward the wind, or windward -- opposed to lee.
  • n. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere
  • n. Vicissitude of season; meteorological change; alternation of the state of the air.
  • n. Storm; tempest.
  • n. A light rain; a shower.
  • intransitive v. To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
  • transitive v. To expose to the air; to air; to season by exposure to air.
  • transitive v. Hence, to sustain the trying effect of; to bear up against and overcome; to sustain; to endure; to resist.
  • transitive v. To sail or pass to the windward of.
  • transitive v. To place (a hawk) unhooded in the open air.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Wind; storm; tempest.
  • n. Cold and wet.
  • n. A light rain; a shower.
  • n. The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to its cloudiness, humidity, motions, pressure, temperature, electrical condition, or any other meteorological phenomena; the atmospheric conditions prevailing at any moment over any region of the earth: as, warm or cold weather; wet or dry weather; calm or stormy weather; fair or foul weather; cloudy or hazy weather.
  • n. Specifically, in weather-maps and -reports, the condition of the sky as to cloudiness and the occurrence of precipitation.
  • n. Change of the state of the atmosphere; meteorological change; hence, figuratively, vicissitude; change of fortune or condition.
  • n. The inclination or obliquity of the sails of a windmill to the plane of revolution.
  • n. An enervating atmosphere.
  • Nautical, toward the wind; windward: opposed to lee: as, weather bow; weather beam; weather rigging
  • To air; expose to the air; dry or otherwise affect by exposure to the open air.
  • To affect injuriously by the action of weather; in geology, to discolor or disintegrate: as, the atmospheric agencies that weather rocks.
  • In tile manufacturing, to expose (the clay) to a hot sun or to frost, in order to open the pores and separate the particles, that it may readily absorb water and be easily worked.
  • To slope (a surface), that it may shed water.
  • Nautical:
  • To sail to windward of: as, to weather a point or cape.
  • To bear up against and come safely through: said of a ship in a storm, as also of a mariner; hence, used in the same sense with reference to storms on land.
  • Figuratively, to bear up against and overcome, as trouble or danger; come out of, as a trial, without permanent damage or loss.
  • To suffer a change, such as discoloration or more or less complete disintegration, in consequence of exposure to the weather or atmosphere. See weathering, 2.
  • To resist or bear exposure to the weather.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. face and withstand with courage
  • adj. towards the side exposed to wind
  • v. sail to the windward of
  • n. the atmospheric conditions that comprise the state of the atmosphere in terms of temperature and wind and clouds and precipitation
  • v. change under the action or influence of the weather
  • v. cause to slope

Etymologies

Middle English weder, wether, from Old English weder.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English weder, from Proto-Germanic *wedran, from Proto-Indo-European *wedʰrom (=*we-dʰrom). Cognate with Dutch weer, German Wetter, Old Norse veðr (Danish vejr, Swedish väder) with Russian вёдро (vëdro, "fair weather") and perhaps Albanian vrëndë ("light rain"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • "Not often: if it is to be done in warm weather, I smoke them well before I begin; _in very cold weather_ is the best time, then it is unnecessary; simply turn the hive bottom up, mark off the proper size, and with a sharp saw take it off without trouble."

    Mysteries of Bee-keeping Explained

  • : Check out @weather to get the latest weather news.

    doggdot.us

  • When clouds settle on the tops of mountains, they indicate hard weather; and when the tops of mountains are clear, it is a sign of fair weather*

    The Complete Weather Guide: A Collection of Practical Observations for Prognosticating the ...

  • The term weather refers to the short term changes in the physical characteristics of the troposphere.

    AP Environmental Science Chapter 4- The Atmosphere

  • Right now, the weather is superatmospheric and therefore, in a sense, supermeteorological (can you really call it weather?)

    Directions

  • When we remind our young readers that the thermometer in England seldom falls so low as zero, except in what we term weather of the utmost severity, they may imagine -- or, rather, they may try to imagine -- what 75 degrees _below_ zero must have been.

    The World of Ice

  • When we remind our young readers that the thermometer in England seldom falls so low as zero, except in what we term weather of the utmost severity, they may imagine -- or rather, they may try to imagine -- what 75° _below_ zero must have been.

    The World of Ice

  • "Climate encompasses the temperatures, humidity, rainfall, atmospheric particle count and numerous other meteorological factors in a given region over long periods of time, as opposed to the term weather, which refers to current activity."

    digg.com: Stories / Popular

  • Yup, I can hear the echoes of it now, underneath the sounds of a squadron of pigs flying: "Uh, don't assume that many people will come out and buy tickets, you know the weather is always dicey in Portland until July."

    Another big night in Paulsonland (Jack Bog's Blog)

  • Of course it helps that the weather is almost always sunny and dry and there is ample public parking nearby.

    Yet another big night for baseball (Jack Bog's Blog)

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Comments

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  • when it comes to verb, weather means to withstand

    August 31, 2013

  • The Enlightened have but one master: The weather...

    --Jan Cox

    October 14, 2007

  • Contronymic in the sense: erode vs. persevere ("weather the storm").

    January 31, 2007