Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • adj. Not governed by a foreign power; self-governing.
  • adj. Free from the influence, guidance, or control of another or others; self-reliant: an independent mind.
  • adj. Not determined or influenced by someone or something else; not contingent: a decision independent of the outcome of the study.
  • adj. Affiliated with or loyal to no one political party or organization.
  • adj. Not dependent on or affiliated with a larger or controlling entity: an independent food store; an independent film.
  • adj. Not relying on others for support, care, or funds; self-supporting.
  • adj. Providing or being sufficient income to enable one to live without working: a person of independent means.
  • adj. Mathematics Not dependent on other variables.
  • adj. Mathematics Of or relating to a system of equations no one of which can be derived from another equation in the system.
  • adj. Of or relating to the 17th-century English Independents.
  • n. One that is independent, especially a voter, officeholder, or political candidate who is not committed to a political party.
  • n. A member of a movement in England in the 17th century advocating the political and religious independence of individual congregations.
  • n. Chiefly British A Congregationalist.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. not dependent; not contingent or depending on something else; free
  • adj. not affiliated with any political party
  • n. A candidate or voter not affiliated with any political party, a free thinker, free of a party platform.
  • n. A neutral or uncommitted person.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on others; not subordinate.
  • adj. Affording a comfortable livelihood.
  • adj. Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing.
  • adj. Expressing or indicating the feeling of independence; free; easy; bold; unconstrained.
  • adj. Separate from; exclusive; irrespective.
  • adj. Belonging or pertaining to, or holding to the doctrines or methods of, the Independents.
  • adj. Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to value or rate of variation; -- said of quantities or functions.
  • adj. Not bound by party; exercising a free choice in voting with either or any party.
  • n. One who believes that an organized Christian church is complete in itself, competent to self-government, and independent of all ecclesiastical authority.
  • n. One who does not acknowledge an obligation to support a party's candidate under all circumstances; one who exercises liberty in voting.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Not dependent; not requiring the support or not subject to the control or controlling influence of others; not relying on others for direction or guidance; not subordinate; of things, not standing in a relation of dependence to something else: used absolutely or followed by of, formerly sometimes by on: as, a person's fortunes in life are quite independent of the configuration of the planets at his nativity.
  • Not due to or connected with dependence; pertaining to or permitting freedom of action; free of control or restraint: as, an independent income, estate, or position; independent action.
  • Not subject to bias or influence; self-directing.
  • Proceeding from or expressive of a spirit of independence; free; easy; self-confident; bold; unconstrained: as, an independent air or manner.
  • Irrespective; exclusive; without taking note or notice: followed by of.
  • [capitalized] Of or pertaining to the Independents or Congregationalists; belonging to the Independents.
  • In mathematics, not depending upon another for its value: said of a quantity or function.
  • Having a competency; able to live well without labor; well-to-do.
  • n. One who acts with independence; one who acts in accordance with his own will, judgment, or conscience.
  • n. [capitalized] Eccles., one who maintains the principles of independency, or the freedom of the local church from external control; specifically, in England, a name given to a Congregationalist.
  • n. [cap. or lowercase] In politics: One who acts independently of any organized party; one who opposes or supports measures or men on independent grounds.
  • n. One of an organized party assuming the name “Independent”; specifically, in United States politics, a member of the party otherwise called the Greenback party.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a neutral or uncommitted person (especially in politics)
  • adj. (of a clause) capable of standing syntactically alone as a complete sentence
  • adj. free from external control and constraint
  • adj. (of political bodies) not controlled by outside forces
  • n. a writer or artist who sells services to different employers without a long-term contract with any of them
  • adj. not controlled by a party or interest group

Etymologies

in- +‎ dependent (Wiktionary)

Examples

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  • Ain't no shame in the game!

    September 10, 2008

  • The great mother is a virgin, too, in a sense other than intended by the patriarchate, which later misunderstood her as the symbol of chastity. Precisely in virtue of her fruitfulness, she is a virgin, that is, unrelated and not dependent
    upon any man. In Sanskrit, "independent woman" is a synonym for a harlot.


    (The Origins and History of Consciousness, by Erich Neumann)

    September 10, 2008