American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Given or granted without return or recompense; unearned.
- adj. Given or received without cost or obligation; free.
- adj. Unnecessary or unwarranted; unjustified: gratuitous criticism.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Freely bestowed or obtained; costing nothing to the recipient.
- Unnecessary; not required; not warranted by circumstances or reason; uncalled for: as, a gratuitous insult.
- Unwarranted, unnecessary, groundless.
- adj. Given freely; unearned.
- adj. Not called for by the circumstances; uncalled-for; without reason, cause, or proof; adopted or asserted without any good ground; unjustified.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Given without an equivalent or recompense; conferred without valuable consideration; granted without pay, or without claim or merit; not required by justice.
- adj. Not called for by the circumstances; without reason, cause, or proof; adopted or asserted without any good ground.
- adj. without cause
- adj. costing nothing
- adj. unnecessary and unwarranted
- From Latin gratuitus ("free"), from Latin gratia ("favor"), gratus ("showing favor") (Wiktionary)
- From Latin grātuītus; see gwerə-2 in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“My misery was what I call my gratuitous brain surgery.”
“Zimbabwe's neighbors to follow the lead of the European Union and condemn what he called the gratuitous and violent actions by Mugabe against his own people.”
“However, it is still worrying that Scotland Yard used the word 'gratuitous' to describe the Milly Dowler story, trying to say it was not in the public interest.”
“After all, poor white trash is only useful as cannon fodder in gratuitous wars.”
“Among stories it described as "gratuitous" – literally, without merit – and not in the public interest was the revelation that the News of the World had hacked into Milly Dowler's voicemail.”
“She never indulged in gratuitous self-aggrandizing.”
“The sole non-Japanese entry to this list is a South-Korean scifi spectacular that positively revels in gratuitous depictions of squash-and-stretch violence, sexuality, and bodily functions.”
“In civilized societies, people act civilized and do not engage in gratuitous insults, which is exactly how Sarkozy and Obama behaved.”
“Well if a definiton of gratuitous is 'being without apparent reason, cause or justification' then sadly that's exactly what violence is.”
“The fact that the best you (and your amen corner here) can do is engage in gratuitous name-calling is very instructive.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘gratuitous’.
A complete Barron's Wordlist for GRE preparation. Your online flashcard replacement.
Collected from reading
Words only (I left out the expressions) from Geza Kerenyi's EN-HU interpreters' dictionary. Most of them pose some difficulty when interpreted between HU and EN in either or both directions.
Interesting, there is a traditional vocabulary of an Ukrainian, that differs from vocabulary of average American. It would be nice to explore it.
"Luciferous Logolepsy is a collection of over 9,000 obscure English words. Though the definition of an 'English' word might seem to be straightforward, it is not. There exist so many adopted, deriv...
A list of words unfamiliar to me that I have repeatedly encountered in GRE question sets.
Words that I come across, and go blank, or want to clarify.
mostly from magoosh
Looking for tweets for gratuitous.