American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The act of inhibiting or the state of being inhibited.
- n. Something that restrains, blocks, or suppresses.
- n. Psychology Conscious or unconscious restraint of a behavioral process, a desire, or an impulse.
- n. Chemistry The condition in which or the process by which a reaction is inhibited.
- n. Biology The condition in which or the process by which an enzyme, for example, is inhibited.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of inhibiting, or the state of being inhibited; prohibition; restraint; embargo.
- n. In English law, a writ to forbid a judge from further proceedings in a cause depending before him, issuing usually from a higher ecclesiastical court to an inferior one, on appeal.
- n. In physiology, the lowering of the action of a nervous mechanism by nervous impulses reaching it from a connected mechanism.
- n. In psychology, the supposed restraint or cancelation of a mental process by other concurrent mental processes.
- n. the act of inhibiting.
- n. psychology a personal feeling of fear or embarrassment that stops one behaving naturally.
- n. chemistry the process of stopping or retarding a chemical reaction.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act of inhibiting, or the state of being inhibited; restraint; prohibition; embargo.
- n. (Physiol.) A stopping or checking of an already present action; a restraining of the function of an organ, or an agent, as a digestive fluid or enzyme, etc.
- n. (Law) A writ from a higher court forbidding an inferior judge from further proceedings in a cause before; esp., a writ issuing from a higher ecclesiastical court to an inferior one, on appeal.
- n. (Chem., Biochem.) The reduction in rate or stopping of a chemical or biochemical reaction, due to interaction with a chemical agent.
- n. (psychology) the conscious exclusion of unacceptable thoughts or desires
- n. (physiology) the process whereby nerves can retard or prevent the functioning of an organ or part
- n. the quality of being inhibited
- n. the action of prohibiting or inhibiting or forbidding (or an instance thereof)
“II. ii.346 (217,9) I think, their inhibition comes by the means of the late innovation] I fancy this is transposed: Hamlet enquires not about an _inhibition_, but an _innovation_; the answer therefore probably was,”
“But if we abstract from any such implication, and conceive of such force as the term inhibition seems to connote, as restricted to the associated neural or physiological processes, no unwarranted assumptions need be imported by the term into the facts, and the definition may, perhaps, suffice.”
“My only inhibition is how little I know the answer myself.”
“The effect of this inhibition is considered a bimodal phenomenon.”
“In such diseases, inhibition is more direct than excitation, because you can shut down neural circuits that are behaving erratically," he said.”
“Noncompetitive inhibition is rarely seen in enzymes that catalyze reactions requiring only one substrate.”
“One study has suggested that 40 percent of the difference in inhibition among a group of middle-class children depended on genes, but, Kagan says, "to ask what proportion of personality is genetic rather than environmental is like asking what proportion of a blizzard is due to cold temperature rather than humidity.”
“Although inhibition is linked to norepinephrine, what Higley calls the "nerdiness" of the loner who can't get along goes with low levels of the transmitter serotonin.”
“The only index available at present for inhibition is its effect on excitation; thus, a standard twitch-reflex, representing a standard-sized volley of centrifugal discharge, can serve as a quantitative test for reflex inhibition.”
“The inhibition is traceable partly to the proprioceptive reflex mechanism attached to the contracting muscle itself; the progress of the reflex contraction is partly freed from inhibition by deafferenting the muscle, but still not wholly freed.”
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