from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The act of retaining.
- n. The condition of being retained.
- n. Capacity or power of retaining.
- n. An ability to recall or recognize what has been learned or experienced; memory.
- n. Something retained.
- n. Involuntary withholding of bodily wastes or secretions that are normally eliminated.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The act of retaining or something retained
- n. The act or power of remembering things
- n. A memory, what is retained in the mind
- n. The involuntary withholding of urine and faeces
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The act of retaining, or the state of being ratined.
- n. The power of retaining; retentiveness.
- n. That which contains something, as a tablet; a ���� of preserving impressions.
- n. The act of withholding; retraint; reserve.
- n. Place of custody or confinement.
- n. The right of withholding a debt, or of retaining property until a debt due to the person claiming the right be duly paid; a lien.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act of retaining or keeping back; restraint; reserve.
- n. The act of retaining or holding as one's own; continued possession or ownership.
- n. Continuance or perseverance, as in the use or practice of anything; preservation.
- n. The act of retaining or keeping in mind; especially, that activity of the mind by which it retains ideas; the retentive faculty: often used as synonymous with memory.
- n. Hence That which retains impressions, as a tablet.
- n. In medicine:
- n. The power of retaining, as in the stomach or bladder; inability to void or discharge: as, the retention of food or medicine by the stomach; retention of urine.
- n. Hence— A morbid accumulation of solid or liquid matter in vessels of the body or cavities intended to contain it only for a time.
- n. The state of being confined; custody; confinement.
- n. In Scots law, a lien; the right of withholding a debt or retaining property until a debt due to the person claiming this right is duly paid.
- n. Synonyms Reservation, preservation. See keep.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the power of retaining and recalling past experience
- n. the power of retaining liquid
- n. the act of retaining something
Middle English retencioun, from Old French retention, from Latin retentiō, retentiōn-, from retentus, past participle of retinēre, to retain; see retain.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English retencioun, from Latin retentiō, from retentus, the perfect passive participle of retineō ("retain") (from re- ("back, again") + teneō ("hold, keep")). (Wiktionary)