from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Prevalent in or peculiar to a particular locality, region, or people: diseases endemic to the tropics. See Synonyms at native.
- adj. Ecology Native to or confined to a certain region.
- n. Ecology An endemic plant or animal.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Native to a particular area or culture; originating where it occurs.
- adj. Peculiar to a particular area or region; not found in other places.
- adj. Prevalent in a particular area or region.
- n. An individual or species that is endemic to a region.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Peculiar to a district or particular locality, or class of persons.
- adj. Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; ; -- often distinguished from
- n. An endemic disease.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Peculiar to a people or nation, or to the residents of a particular locality: chiefly applied to diseases.
- In phytogeography and zoögeog., peculiar to and characteristic of a locality or region, as a plant or an animal; indigenous or autochthonous in some region, and not elsewhere.
- n. A prevalence of endemic disease.
- In phytogeography, properly, confined to a particular region, whether indigenous or not: sometimes confused with indigenous.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. of or relating to a disease (or anything resembling a disease) constantly present to greater or lesser extent in a particular locality
- n. a plant that is native to a certain limited area
- adj. native to or confined to a certain region
- n. a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location
- adj. originating where it is found
From Greek endēmos, native, endemic : en-, in; see en-2 + dēmos, people; see dā- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek ἐν (en, "in") + δῆμος (dēmos, "people"). Possibly via ἔνδημος (endēmos) and/or French endémique. (Wiktionary)