from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act of polishing, cleaning, or drying.
  • n. A representation of a raised or indented surface made by placing paper over the surface and rubbing the paper gently with a marking agent such as charcoal or chalk.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. An impression of an embossed or incised surface made by placing a piece of paper over it and rubbing with graphite, crayon or other coloring agent.
  • v. Present participle of rub.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • a. & n. from rub, v.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An application of friction by any means; a frictional movement, as of the hand over the surface of the body for remedial purposes.
  • n. A copy of an inscribed, engraved, or sculptured surface procured by rubbing superimposed paper with something, as heel-ball or plumbago, that reproduces the outlines and saliences on its exposed side. Compare squeeze, n.
  • n. In needle-making, a process for straightening wire, in which the wires are heated and rolled back and forth on a smooth surface under the pressure of a curved tool.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. effort expended in moving one object over another with pressure
  • n. the resistance encountered when one body is moved in contact with another
  • n. representation consisting of a copy (as of an engraving) made by laying paper over something and rubbing it with charcoal


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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