American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Inflicting or aiming to inflict punishment; punishing.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to or involving punishment; awarding or inflicting punishment: as, punitive law or justice.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to punishment; involving, awarding, or inflicting punishment.
- adj. inflicting punishment
- Medieval Latin punitivus, from pūniō ("I punish"). (Wiktionary)
- Medieval Latin pūnītīvus, from Latin poenīre, pūnīre, to punish; see punish. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The internal audits have armed state officials with a powerful new weapon as they seek to extract what they describe as punitive fines from lawbreaking mortgage companies.”
“And a recent note by Goldman Sachs said that, while the current environment for the large integrated oil firms was "challenging," it didn't justify current valuations, which it described as "punitive.”
“His first relationship with Pershing began in 1916 after Pancho Villa raided a New Mexican border town, and we had what they call the punitive expedition against Mexico to try to catch and punish Pancho Villa.”
“Others say it helps nonprofessional traders avoid what they call the punitive trading fees levied by exchanges.”
“Now, the question is whether the Adam Welsh Act has taken it further," he said, speaking of what he characterized as the punitive nature of the 2003 amendments.”
“Deiner did not contest the lawsuit, and last November Newman imposed a default judgment of $13,552 for the fees the Griffins paid and an additional $100,000 in punitive damages, calling Deiner's conduct "one of the most egregious things I've ever heard.”
“Matthew's father, Albert Snyder, sued for emotional distress and a jury awarded him $2.9 million of compensatory damages and $8 million in punitive damages.”
“An Alaskan jury had initially ruled Exxon should pay five billion dollars in punitive damages but in 2006, the 9th U.S.”
“The Supreme Court handed corporate America a major victory this week when it sharply reduced the amount of money Exxon Mobil has to pay in punitive damages for the 1989 Exxon Valdez oil spill in Alaska.”
“The possibility of such disagreements becoming more serious and resulting in punitive trade measures is yet another negative factor hanging over the dollar, analysts said.”
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