American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A pathological condition of the larynx, especially in infants and children, that is characterized by respiratory difficulty and a hoarse, brassy cough.
- n. The rump of a beast of burden, especially a horse.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name applied to a variety of diseases in which there is some interference at the glottis with respiration. True or membranous croup is inflammation of the larynx (laryngitis) with fibrinous exudation forming a false membrane. Many if not all cases of true croup are diphtheritic in nature. False croup is simple or catarrhal laryngitis, not resulting in the formation of a membrane, but inducing at times spasm of the glottis. Spasmodic croup, or laryngismus stridulus, is a nervous affection characterized by attacks of laryngeal spasm independent of local irritation: popularly called
- n. The rump or buttocks of certain animals, especially of a horse; hence, the place behind the saddle.
- n. A hump or hunch on an animal's body.
- To cry out; cry hoarsely; specifically, to cough hoarsely, as in croup.
- n. The top of the rump of a horse.
- v. obsolete, except, dialectal To croak, make a hoarse noise.
- n. pathology An infectious illness of the larynx, especially in young children, causing respiratory difficulty.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The hinder part or buttocks of certain quadrupeds, especially of a horse; hence, the place behind the saddle.
- n. (Med.) An inflammatory affection of the larynx or trachea, accompanied by a hoarse, ringing cough and stridulous, difficult breathing; esp., such an affection when associated with the development of a false membrane in the air passages (also called
membranous croup). See False croup, under false, and diphtheria.
- n. a disease of infants and young children; harsh coughing and hoarseness and fever and difficult breathing
- n. the part of an animal that corresponds to the human buttocks
- From Scots croup, croop ("the croup"), from Scots croup, crowp, croop ("to croak, speak hoarsely, murmur, complain"), from Old Scots crowp, crope, croap ("to call loudly, croak"), alteration of rowp, roup, roip, rope ("to cry, cry hoarsely, roop"), from Middle English roupen, ropen, from Old English hrōpan ("to shout, proclaim; cry out, scream, howl"), from Proto-Germanic *hrōpanan (“to shout”), from Proto-Indo-European *ker-, *kor- (“to caw, crow”). More at roop. (Wiktionary)
- From dialectal croup, to croak.Middle English croupe, from Old French, of Germanic origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“_true_ or _membranous_ croup, in which a false, semi-organized membrane is formed, and _spasmodic croup_.”
“All I can think about when I hear the word croup is that scene from Anne of Green Gables, when she saves Diana's sister.”
“The doctor said that "croup" is actually a catch-all for any illness that comes with a barky cough, and that his version seems quite mild, though he has lost his voice .... which for my little chatty Nancy is pretty traumatic.”
“Natalie's ashy face and the word croup, acted like a talisman.”
“They had come from a part of the interior where the disease called croup occasionally prevails.”
“Gertie opened her mouth to say that the croup was a disease Amos had caught, but tramped on her tongue in time.”
“Membranous croup, which is the same thing as diphtheria of the larynx.”
“The great majority of cases of the so - called croup are simply cases of spasm of the glottis.”
“It happened, on one occasion, when a nursery-servant of ours was waiting in her anteroom for the purpose of taking her turn in consulting the prophetess professionally, that she had witnessed a scene of consternation and unaffected maternal grief in this Hungarian lady upon the sudden seizure of her son, a child of four or five years old, by a spasmodic inflammation of the throat (since called croup), peculiar to children, and in those days not very well understood by medical men.”
“It happened, on one occasion, when a nursery-servant of ours was waiting in her anteroom for the purpose of taking her turn in consulting the prophetess professionally, that she had witnessed a scene of consternation and unaffected maternal grief in this Hungarian lady upon the sudden seizure of her son, a child of four or five years old, by a spasmodic inflammation of the throat (since called croup) peculiar to children, and in those days not very well understood by medical men.”
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