from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A single-masted, fore-and-aft-rigged sailing boat with a short standing bowsprit or none at all and a single headsail set from the forestay.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A single-masted sailboat with only one headsail.
- n. A sailing warship, smaller than a frigate, with its guns all on one deck.
- n. a sloop of war, smaller than a frigate, larger than a corvette
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A vessel having one mast and fore-and-aft rig, consisting of a boom-and-gaff mainsail, jibs, staysail, and gaff topsail. The typical sloop has a fixed bowsprit, topmast, and standing rigging, while those of a cutter are capable of being readily shifted. The sloop usually carries a centerboard, and depends for stability upon breadth of beam rather than depth of keel. The two types have rapidly approximated since 1880. One radical distinction is that a sloop may carry a centerboard. See cutter, and Illustration in Appendix.
- n. In modern usage, a sailing vessel having one mast, commonly with a Bermuda rig, with either a center-board or a keel. In the United States, a sloop may have one or two headsails, while in Western Europe and Great Britain a sloop has only one headsail.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A small fore-and-aft rigged vessel with one mast, generally carrying a jib, fore-staysail, mainsail, and gafftopsail. Some sloops formerly had a square topsail.
- n. In lumbering, a strong crutch of hard wood, with a strong bar across the limbs, used for drawing timber out of a swamp or inaccessible place.
- To draw (logs of timber) on a sloop.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a sailing vessel with a single mast set about one third of the boat's length aft of the bow
Dutch sloep, from Middle Dutch slūpen, to glide.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Dutch sloep, from Middle Dutch slœpen ("to glide"). (Wiktionary)