American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A fleshy fruit, such as a peach, plum, or cherry, usually having a single hard stone that encloses a seed. Also called stone fruit.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, a stone-fruit; a fruit in which the outer part of the pericarp becomes fleshy or softens like a berry, while the inner hardens like a nut, forming a stone with a kernel, as the plum, cherry, apricot, and peach. The stone inclosing the kernel is called the putamen (or endocarp), while the pulpy or more succulent part is called the sarcocarp (or mesocarp), and the outer covering the epi-carp. The true drupe consists of a single one-celled and usually one-seeded Carpel, but the term is applied to similar fruits resulting from a compound pistil, in which there may be several separate or separable putamens. Many small drupes, like the huckleberry, are in ordinary usage classed with berries. On the other hand, some drupe-like fruits, as that of the hawthorn, are technically referred to the pome, and the cocoanut and walnut, being intermediate between a nut and a drupe, are described as drupaceous nuts.
- n. A stone fruit.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) A fruit consisting of pulpy, coriaceous, or fibrous exocarp, without valves, containing a nut or stone with a kernel. The exocarp is succulent in the plum, cherry, apricot, peach, etc.; dry and subcoriaceous in the almond; and fibrous in the cocoanut.
- n. fleshy indehiscent fruit with a single seed: e.g. almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube.
- Scientific Latin, from Latin drūpa, from Ancient Greek δρύππᾱ. (Wiktionary)
- Latin drūpa, druppa, overripe olive, from Greek druppā, olive, possibly alteration of drupepēs, ripened on the tree : drūs, dru-, tree; see deru- in Indo-European roots + peptein, pep-, to ripen; see pekw- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“From wikipedia: In botany, a drupe is a fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside.”
“It is, however, not the product "turpentine" that is most esteemed by the natives, but the fruit of the tree, a kind of drupe disposed in clusters.”
“Its leaves are shaped like spear-heads; the fruit is a kind of drupe, clothed in fleshy scales.”
“Leaving aside the invidious choices to be made between hesperidia, cucurbitaceae, and drupes — I am a drupe man — and, thence, between apricots, nectarines, mangoes, plums, and peaches, I find there is simply no adequate counter-argument.”
“She pricked her hand on the rusty daglet, and I saw a drupe of blood, red as a cherry, swell on her pall.”
“Yesterday, I woke in the middle of a dream about the cherry liqueur described by the protagonist Framboise in the book Five Quarters of the Orange *: eventually, the alcohol seeps through the drupe to penetrate the stone, drawing out the scent of almonds, she explains.”
“Regarding M.E.M. ... umm, I think that pistachios are a drupe or something, or maybe a nut, but I'm pretty sure they're not a fruit.”
“The root of that roundish fleshy drupe we call a plum is the Latin prunum.”
“They are the stone of a drupe, the fruit of Cocos nucifera, large to 100 ft/30 m tree-like palms that are more closely related to the grasses than to other nut trees.”
“Each drupe contains an oblong oval kernel, pleasant to the taste, but so trivial in size as to be hardly worth the trouble of extraction unless there is little else to occupy attention save the pangs of hunger.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘drupe’.
A hodgepodge, jumble, jambalaya, *gallimaufry, circus and tent revival of plant anatomy and morphology terms and phrases - its a big tent, and no tickets are required.
As much fun to say as they are to eat.
for the same
but now they're not because I looked them up. In cases of polysemy or homography, *of course* it was the oddest meaning that stumped me. ;)
Words as I learn them.
A list of words whose meanings I am learning, either because a) I don't know the meaning b) I know the meaning, but could stand to better appreciate certain inflections or secondary meanings or c) ...
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