Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A fleshy fruit, such as a peach, plum, or cherry, usually having a single hard stone that encloses a seed. Also called stone fruit.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A stone fruit.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A fruit consisting of pulpy, coriaceous, or fibrous exocarp, without valves, containing a nut or stone with a kernel. The exocarp is succulent in the plum, cherry, apricot, peach, etc.; dry and subcoriaceous in the almond; and fibrous in the cocoanut.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In botany, a stone-fruit; a fruit in which the outer part of the pericarp becomes fleshy or softens like a berry, while the inner hardens like a nut, forming a stone with a kernel, as the plum, cherry, apricot, and peach.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. fleshy indehiscent fruit with a single seed: e.g. almond; peach; plum; cherry; elderberry; olive; jujube

Etymologies

Latin drūpa, druppa, overripe olive, from Greek druppā, olive, possibly alteration of drupepēs, ripened on the tree : drūs, dru-, tree; see deru- in Indo-European roots + peptein, pep-, to ripen; see pekw- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Scientific Latin, from Latin drūpa, from Ancient Greek δρύππᾱ. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • From wikipedia: In botany, a drupe is a fruit in which an outer fleshy part (exocarp, or skin; and mesocarp, or flesh) surrounds a shell (the pit or stone) of hardened endocarp with a seed inside.

    Please Don't Pass The Nuts™

  • It is, however, not the product "turpentine" that is most esteemed by the natives, but the fruit of the tree, a kind of drupe disposed in clusters.

    Scientific American Supplement, No. 288, July 9, 1881

  • Its leaves are shaped like spear-heads; the fruit is a kind of drupe, clothed in fleshy scales.

    The Castaways

  • Leaving aside the invidious choices to be made between hesperidia, cucurbitaceae, and drupes — I am a drupe man — and, thence, between apricots, nectarines, mangoes, plums, and peaches, I find there is simply no adequate counter-argument.

    The Peach

  • She pricked her hand on the rusty daglet, and I saw a drupe of blood, red as a cherry, swell on her pall.

    Wildfire

  • Yesterday, I woke in the middle of a dream about the cherry liqueur described by the protagonist Framboise in the book Five Quarters of the Orange *: eventually, the alcohol seeps through the drupe to penetrate the stone, drawing out the scent of almonds, she explains.

    Slow Sweet Sips

  • Regarding M.E.M. ... umm, I think that pistachios are a drupe or something, or maybe a nut, but I'm pretty sure they're not a fruit.

    The WritingYA Weblog: Briefly

  • The root of that roundish fleshy drupe we call a plum is the Latin prunum.

    The Right Word in the Right Place at the Right Time

  • They are the stone of a drupe, the fruit of Cocos nucifera, large to 100 ft/30 m tree-like palms that are more closely related to the grasses than to other nut trees.

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

  • Each drupe contains an oblong oval kernel, pleasant to the taste, but so trivial in size as to be hardly worth the trouble of extraction unless there is little else to occupy attention save the pangs of hunger.

    Tropic Days

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Comments

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  • Yes!

    February 28, 2009

  • A pistachio is in fact a drupe and not a true nut. Fascinating, yes?

    November 2, 2007