from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To put out (a fire, for example); quench.
- transitive v. To put an end to (hopes, for example); destroy. See Synonyms at abolish.
- transitive v. To obscure; eclipse.
- transitive v. Law To settle or discharge (a debt).
- transitive v. Law To nullify: extinguished their title to the property.
- transitive v. Psychology To bring about the extinction of (a conditioned response).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. to put out, as in fire; to end burning; to quench
- v. to destroy or abolish something
- v. to obscure or eclipse something
- v. to bring about the extinction of a conditioned reflex
- v. to hunt down (a species) to extinction
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To quench; to put out, as a light or fire; to stifle; to cause to die out; to put an end to; to destroy.
- transitive v. To obscure; to eclipse, as by superior splendor.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To put out; quench; stifle: as, to extinguish fire or flame.
- To destroy; put an end to; suppress: as, to extinguish an army; to extinguish desire or hope; to extinguish a claim or title.
- To put under a cloud; obscure: eclipse; make unnoticed or unnoticeable: as, he was completely extinguished in this brilliant company.
- In law, to put an end to. See extinguishment, 2.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. put out, as of fires, flames, or lights
- v. put an end to; kill
- v. terminate, end, or take out
- v. kill in large numbers
- v. extinguish by crushing
Latin exstinguere : ex-, intensive pref.; see ex- + stinguere, to quench; see steig- in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin extinguo, past participle extinctus ("to put out (what is burning), quench, extinguish, deprive of life, destory, abolish"), from ex ("out") + stinguere ("to put out, quench, extinguish"). (Wiktionary)