American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The art or technique of one that engraves.
- n. A design or text engraved on a surface.
- n. An engraved surface for printing.
- n. A print made from an engraved plate or block.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The act or art of cutting designs, inscriptions, etc., on any hard substance, as stone, metal, or wood. Many branches of the art, as gem-engraving, cameo-cutting, and die-sinking, are of great antiquity.
- n. Specifically, the art of forming designs by cutting, corrosion by acids, a photographic process, etc., on the surface of metal plates or of blocks of wood, etc., for the purpose of taking off impressions or prints of the design so formed. Wood-engraving appears to have come first into use, the earliest dated wood-engraving, representing St. Christopher, bearing the date of 1423, while the earliest engraving worthy of the name from a metal plate was produced by Maso Finiguerra, a goldsmith of Florence, in 1452. Relief-engraving on wood was, however, in use among the Orientals at a far earlier period. In engraving on metal the lines or marks which are to appear on the paper are sunk into the plate, and before being printed from are filled with ink, the rest of the surface being cleaned before the impression is taken. On a block of wood the lines for impression are left prominent, the blank parts being cut away, so that the wooden block serves as a type. Copper and steel plates are printed from separately on a press specially adapted for this use; wooden blocks, on the ordinary printing-press, commonly along with the accompanying text. The wood generally used for fine engraving is box, and the metals commonly employed by engravers are copper and steel. Different methods or styles of engraving on steel or copper are known as aquatint, etching, mezzotint, stipple, line-engraving, etc.
- n. That which is engraved, or produced by engraving; an engraved representation, or an incised plate or block intended to be printed from: as, an engraving on a monument or a watch-case; a steel or a wood engraving.
- n. An impression taken from an engraved plate or block; a print.
- n. The taking of impressions from raised or incised seals has always been practised by civilized people. The goldsmiths of the Middle Ages and Renaissance in Europe used engraving in the decoration of their work, and were accustomed to take impressions from their designs. Such impressions have been traced to the twelfth century. Among the earliest examples of engraving, properly so called, on metal are about three hundred prints in the dotted style (manière criblée) in which black spots are relieved against white and white spots against black, which date from about 1450 a. d. The practice of engraving was encouraged by the use of niello in the decoration of metals. (See niello.) Undoubtedly frequent impressions were taken from niello designs. For making plates to print upon paper, copper and later steel were substituted for other metals. Engraving on copper was extensively practised by the great artists of the Renaissance, as Pollajuolo, Mantegna, Botticelli, and Marcantonio Raimondi in Italy, and Martin Schongauer and Albert Dürer in Germany. In France engraving on copper found its first development in the illustration of books, as in the architectural series of Jacques I. Androuet Du Cerceau. In the seventeenth century the largest development of engraving on metal, occurred about the powerful personalities of Rembrandt and Rubens. The influence of Rubens, especially, brought about the culmination of the art. After this period, engraving on copper and steel became universal throughout modern civilization. The special contribution of England to the art of engraving on metal was the development of mezzotint, which was, however, invented in Holland in the middle of the seventeenth century. Wood-engraving was brought to perfection by the large school of German artists of the Renaissance grouped about the court of the Emperor Maximilian I. The chief of them was Albert-Dürer who may still be considered the greatest master of the art. From Germany the art of wood-engraving was carried into Italy, and practised with a peculiar charm by the painters of the quattrocento and cinquecento. The father of the modern art of wood-engraving is Thomas Bewick of Newcastle, England (1753–1828). Previous to his time the practice was chiefly in black line, that is, a drawing in black lines was made upon the block and the portions of the surface not touched by the draftsman were cut away by the engraver. Bewick established the ascendancy of the white line, that is, the incision made by the engravers' tools. This change in point of view vastly increased the effectiveness and artistic interest of the engraved block. The principles of Bewick have been accepted by all modern engravers whose interest is artistic rather than commercial. As in the case of engraving on copper and steel, the development of wood-engraving in modern times has been great, but little has been added to the fundamental principles established by the older masters.
- n. An engraved printing-plate produced by this process. See photo-engraving and photogravure.
- n. the practice of incising a design onto a hard, flat surface, by cutting grooves into it
- n. an engraved image
- n. music the art of drawing music notation at high quality, see Engraving
- v. present participle of engrave.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act or art of producing upon hard material incised or raised patterns, characters, lines, and the like; especially, the art of producing such lines, etc., in the surface of metal plates or blocks of wood. Engraving is used for the decoration of the surface itself; also, for producing an original, from which a pattern or design may be printed on paper.
- n. That which is engraved; an engraved plate.
- n. An impression from an engraved plate, block of wood, or other material; a print.
- n. a block or plate or other hard surface that has been engraved
- n. a print made from an engraving
- n. making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them
“The menorah engraving is the first of its kind to be discovered from the Early Roman period according Avshalom-Gorni who said the site joins just six synagogue locations that are know to date from the same time.”
“No, they don't all come covered in engraving, or have satin oil finishes on fancy walnut, but they function well, WERE AFFORDABLE to those who needed them, and left many satified customers.”
“Dubbed supernotes, their production process closely matches that of the genuine article, and the engraving is so fine it rivals that of the U.S.”
“I could be mistaken, but most of the "top notch" engraving is done via CADD programs and CNC trimmers.”
“He mastered the art of lithography while still a young man, and by the time he began working for Antonio Vanegas Arroyo, he was highly skilled in engraving in metal and etching in zinc, a process he introduced to Mexico around 1895 and he alone employed.”
“Typically, the centre of the engraving is dominated by the martyr himself who is usually surrounded by a frame of fire and uttering his final testimonies of faith.”
“A feature of mezzotint engraving is that its details depend on series of dots or small marks.”
“The above engraving is by Hammatt Billings, Esq., and is taken from a statue of a Chinaman, of half life size, modeled by Ball Hughes, Esq., from an original done in China.”
“The Harrison/Orme engraving is used courtesy of the Harvard Theater Collection.”
“The book was daintily illustrated with pictures of reigning beauties, or other prints of a tender and voluptuous character, and as these plates were prepared long beforehand, requiring much time in engraving, it was the eminent poets who had to write for the plates, and not the painters who illustrated the poems.”
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