American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The art of preparing etched plates, especially metal plates, from which designs and pictures are printed.
- n. A design etched on a plate.
- n. An impression made from an etched plate.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A process of engraving in which the lines are produced by the action of an acid or mordant instead of by a burin. A plate (usually of copper, but sometimes of glass, stone, etc., according to the use to which it is to be put, or the effect sought to be produced) is covered with a ground made of asphaltum, wax, and pitch, which is evenly blackened with the smoke of wax tapers. (See
etching-ground.) On this ground the design is drawn with a steel point or needle, as with a pencil on paper (care being taken not to cut the metal), the point leaving the metal exposed where it passes. The plate is then submerged in a bath of dilute acid, which bites in those parts of the surface exposed by the drawn lines, while the remainder of the surface is protected from its action by the wax coating. Furrows are thus formed which, when the plate has been cleaned and charged with ink, will, if impressed upon a piece of moist paper, print an impression of the design. When blackened, the plate may be plunged into cold water to give its surface a polish. For copperplates to be used in printing, the mordant commonly used is nitric acid, but in its place some modern etchers employ a so-called “Dutch mordant,” made of muriatic acid and chlorate of potash. When the fainter lines of the design appear to be sufficiently bitten in, the plate is taken from the bath and, after being carefully washed in cold water these lines are stopped out with a paint-brush charged with a varnish made of asphaltum and turpentine, so that they will be protected from the acid when the plate is replaced in it. This process is repeated from time to time until the strongest lines in the design have been sufficiently bitten in, after which the remaining ground is washed off with spirits of turpentine, and the plate is ready to be inked. Artists who etch from nature while the plate is in the acid bath proceed inversely—that is, they begin by biting in the stronger lines, and end with the fainter; but in either case, whether the latter are stopped out or last put in, they are subjected to a smaller degree of acid action. If the first impressions are imperfect, the plate can be retouched with the dry-point, or rebitten after a fresh ground has been laid on with a roller. The tools used in etching comprise needles, gravers or burins of different shapes, scrapers, burnishers, oil-rubbers, dabbers, camel's-hair brushes, etc. A surface of porcelain may be etched and bitten, and the sunken lines then filled with a metallic pigment which on refiring can be burned into the ware and covered with glaze.
- n. An impression taken from an etched plate.
- n. A line etched, or appearing as if etched.
- n. In photography, a plate, as of copper, coated with a substance sensitive to light, which after exposure and development is subjected to the dissolving action of a chemical, such as nitric acid, which attacks the bare metal.
- n. uncountable The art of producing an image from a metal plate into which an image or text has been etched with acid.
- n. countable The image created by this process.
- v. present participle of etch.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The act, art, or practice of engraving by means of acid which eats away lines or surfaces left unprotected in metal, glass, or the like. See etch, v. t.
- n. A design carried out by means of the above process; a pattern on metal, glass, etc., produced by etching.
- n. An impression on paper, parchment, or other material, taken in ink from an etched plate.
- n. an etched plate made with the use of acid
- n. an impression made from an etched plate
- n. making engraved or etched plates and printing designs from them
“The original etching is an allegory about the reformation.”
“Hayter and team, with their extensive experience in etching and lithography, assumed that Blake's core technical problem was reproducing text without having to write it backward on the plate.”
“Relief etching is like drawing, but drawing and painting are also like printing?”
“But I don't feel the least inclined to, and I was going to begin etching this winter, but ....”
“The word etching is derived from the Dutch _etzen_, and the most famous etchers in the world have been among Dutch and German artists.”
“It’s a technique that all people share but all etching is different.”
“Gamma - Students with advanced power skills and novice to adept skill in etching.”
“The etching is a little worn—the rest is hard to read.”
“I wonder what it would take to use this "process known as etching" for something constructive.”
“An untitled etching from 1991, out of the series "Slovenija ljubezen moja ...”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘etching’.
Words used in the rare book trade (of which I was once a part). For more about how such books are put together, see hernesheir's excellent The Bindery.
inky sod, spreads like a disease
Looking for tweets for etching.