American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A surgical instrument having circular, sawlike edges, used to cut out disks of bone, usually from the skull.
- v. To operate on with a trephine.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An improved form of trepan, consisting of a cylindrical saw with a handle placed transversely, like that of a gimlet, and having a sharp steel point called the center-pin. This pin may be fixed and removed at pleasure, and stands in the center of the circle formed by the saw, projecting a little below its edge. The center-pin is fixed in the skull, and forms an axis round which the circular edge of the saw rotates, and as soon as the teeth of the saw have made a circular groove in which they can work steadily the center-pin is removed. The saw is made to cut through the bone, not by a series of complete rotations such as are made by the trepan, but by rapid halfrotations alternately to the right and left. The trephine is used especially in injuries of the head, and in cases, chiefly of abscess, resulting from injuries, in which the removal of the morbid material or of a new growth is necessary. The use of the trephine, which was gradually being abandoned, has of late years come into prominence again, in consequence of the discoveries made in cerebral localization.
- To operate upon with a trephine; trepan.
- n. medicine A surgical instrument used to remove a circular section of bone from the skull; a trepan.
- v. To use a trephine during surgery.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Surg.) An instrument for trepanning, being an improvement on the trepan. It is a circular or cylindrical saw, with a handle like that of a gimlet, and a little sharp perforator called the
- v. To perforate with a trephine; to trepan.
- n. a surgical instrument used to remove sections of bone from the skull
- v. operate on with a trephine
- French tréphine, from obsolete English trefine, from Latin trēs fīnēs, three ends : trēs, three; see trei- in Indo-European roots + fīnēs, pl. of fīnis, end. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The surgical team will fix a metal ring over the sclera, providing a base for the trephine, that is placed over the cornea, in order to cut it.”
“A trephine is a medical saw used to open the skull for surgery or to relieve pressure from brain swelling.”
““A trephine is the only conceivable way to save his life,” Reilly went on.”
“After ulcers of the cornea, which have been large, the inequalities and opacity of the cicatrix obscures the sight; in this case could not a small piece of the cornea be cut out by a kind of trephine about the size of a thick bristle, or a small crow-quill, and would it not heal with a transparent scar?”
“After the removing of the trephine, the doctors will use the donor cornea for cutting a circular graft, meaning a button-shaped section of tissue.”
“An E. N.T man to whom I told the story also said it is common and wanted to refer me to a neurosurgeon, "He will simply pass a trephine though the skull into the affected area and remove the focus, by either excision or electro-cautery, and you will be cured".”
“And when I saw this little boy, who had one eye done with the conventional procedure and the other with the trephine, I thought to myself, 'He's experimenting on these people'.”
“But he alerted hospital officials about his suspicions and then, being told Rowsey had permission to experiment with the trephine, got the American Academy of Ophthalmology to launch an investigation.”
“After Rowsey performed the trephine surgery on him in 1995, Rogers became legally blind.”
“Each of the child's eyes had undergone a different operation: one had received a cornea transplant with the standard technique, in which the cornea from a cadaver is stitched into the eye, while the other eye had received an experimental transplant, using a cutting device that surgeon James Rowsey named the Tampa trephine.”
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