American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. See exocarp.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, the outer skin of fruits, the fleshy substance or edible portion being termed the mesocarp, and the inner portion the endocarp. See cut under endocarp.
- n. botany Exocarp.
GNU Webster's 1913
- (Bot.) The external or outermost layer of a fructified or ripened ovary. See
- n. outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
- epi- + Ancient Greek καρπός ("fruit"). (Wiktionary)
“OED 2nd edition: epicanthus epicardium epicarp but no epicaricacy.”
“The fruit's outer coat (epicarp) is peeled, pulp is sliced off the stony "seed" (endocarp), sun-dried, ground, mixed with blood to a brown, sticky, fibrous mixture (lokot) and eaten or sold in markets (Turkana).”
“Eight humans - all but Gren - hurled themselves among the feathery leafage on its back, stabbing deep into the epicarp to wound its rudimentary nervous system.”
“HARDMAN, R. and SOFOWORA, E.A. (1971) Effect of enzymes on the yield of steroidal sapogenin from the epicarp and mesocarp of Balanites aegyptiaca fruit.”
“Surface view of _ep_, epicarp, and _p_, outer parenchyma of mesocarp. x160.”
“The cells of the epicarp are broad and polygonal, sometimes regularly four-sided, about 15-35 µ broad.”
“At intervals along the surface of the epicarp are stomata, or breathing pores, surrounded by guard cells.”
“The next layer of the pericarp is the mesocarp (Figs. 333, 334, 335), the cells of which are larger and more regular in outline than the epicarp.”
“Mooden Sheriff ascribes its emetic properties to the pulp alone, the epicarp and seeds being inactive according to his authority.”
“This, however, is only a fleshy outer rind -- epicarp -- which, as it ripens, opens into two equal parts, when within is seen a spherical polished nut, surrounding an aril, the mace, which is of a bright yellow colour.”
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