American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Botany The wall of a ripened ovary; fruit wall.
- n. A membranous structure surrounding the cystocarp of red algae.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In flowering plants, the seed-vessel or ripened ovary. It should accord in structure with the ovary from which it is derived, but extensive changes frequently take place during fructiflcation by which the original ovarian form is obscured. Thus, by abortion the original number of cells in the ovary may be reduced in the fruit, as in the oak, chestnut, elm, and birch; or by the intrusion of false partitions the original mumber may be increased in the fruit, as in
Datura, Linum, Astragalus, etc. The pericarp may acquire external accessions, as the wing of the maple, ash, and hoptree, the prickles on the pod of Datura, Ricinus, etc., or the barbs of the Boraginaceæ. Connected organs may modify the ovary, such as the adnate calyx of the apple, the pappus of the Compositæ, the persistent style of Clematis, the fleshy calyx of Gaultheria, or the fleshy receptacle of the strawberry. The walls of the ovary may change in consistence in the mature pericarp, being leaf-like in the pea-pod, columbine, caltha, etc., thickened and dry in nuts and capsules, fleshy or pulpy in berries, and fleshy without but indurated within, as in all stone-fruits. Where the walls of the pericarp are composed of dissimilar layers, the layers are distinguished as exocarp, endocarp, epicarp, mesocarp, and putamen. In cryptogams the pericarp is a variously modified structure containing certain organs of reproduction. Thus, in the Characeæ it incloses the oösperm, while in the Florideæ it incloses the carpospores. The term is also sometimes synonymous with the theca or capsule of mosses.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. the ripened and variously modified walls of a plant ovary
- French péricarpe, from Latin pericarpium, from Ancient Greek περικάρπιον (perikarpion, "pod, husk, shell"), from περί (peri, "around") + καρπός (karpos, "fruit"). (Wiktionary)
“Popcorn pops because the pericarp is strong enough to hold in the steam created when the endosperm, which is 14.5 percent water, is heated — strong enough, that is, until the steam reaches 177 degrees C. and the pressure builds to 9.5 kilograms per square centimeter.”
“ It is possible that Theophrastus derived the word pericarp from”
The Legacy of Greece Essays By: Gilbert Murray, W. R. Inge, J. Burnet, Sir T. L. Heath, D'arcy W. Thompson, Charles Singer, R. W. Livingston, A. Toynbee, A. E. Zimmern, Percy Gardner, Sir Reginald Blomfield
“The edible part is called the pericarp, which is the developed tissue of the ovary that surrounds the seeds.”
“The fruits come in the form of a pericarp, which is the mature ovary wall which contains the seeds of the plant.”
“The next layer of the pericarp is the mesocarp (Figs. 333, 334, 335), the cells of which are larger and more regular in outline than the epicarp.”
“It is official in all Pharmacopoeias and the pericarp is the part employed.”
“Short in proportion to the Corolla tho wide or bulky; the Style is very long or longer than the stamens, simple, cilindrical, bowed or bent upwards, placed on the top of the germ, membranous shrivels and falls off when the pericarp has obtained it's full Size. the Stigma is three clefts very manute and pubescent. the pericarp is a capsule, triangular, oblong, obtuse, and trilocular with three longitudinal valves. the Seed So far as I could judge are noumerous not very manute and globilar.”
“If the pericarp fails too soon, the steam escapes and the pressure never builds to the point where the endosperm can properly explode.”
“A good strong pericarp, then, is the key to a satisfactory pop.”
“At that point, the pericarp fails suddenly, and the endosperm explodes.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘pericarp’.
All the scientific words found in the official EU nomenclature. For the screening I used Vocabgrabber of the Visual Thesaurus.
A hodgepodge, jumble, jambalaya, *gallimaufry, circus and tent revival of plant anatomy and morphology terms and phrases - its a big tent, and no tickets are required.
includes words of the "Prodcom list"
Words I've come across & want to remember.
the concise british flora in colour (w. keble martin) - glossary - edited, and to be added to
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