from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Botany The outermost layer of the fruit wall. Also called epicarp.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits; the skin or epicarp.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The outer portion of a fruit, as the flesh of a peach or the rind of an orange. See Illust. of drupe.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, the outer layer of a pericarp when it consists of two dissimilar layers.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. outermost layer of the pericarp of fruits as the skin of a peach or grape
The outer layer of the cashew is called the exocarp, and the thick inner layer is the endocarp.
The outer layer of the cashew, a dry drupe, is called the exocarp, and the thick inner layer is the endocarp.
It consists of a thin, pliable exocarp, an orange/red pulpy mesocarp and a hard nut containing a single kernel.
There is very clear evidence that the outermost layer of the earth's crust is but a thin shell like the outer shuck or exocarp of a butternut, so thin that it is not at all possible that it can sustain itself for more than a hundred miles or so, or for more than a very few years at the outside.
First, the inner kernel of gas; second, the hard shell or endocarp; third, a viscous layer like the sarcocarp or pulp, and outside of all the wrinkled crust of exocarp.
There is very clear evidence that the outermost layer of the earth's crust is but a thin shell like the outer shuck or exocarp of a butternut (see Fig. 1), so thin that it is not at all possible that it can sustain itself for more than a hundred miles or so, or for more than a very few years at the outside.
The transcription factor expression of peach genes homologous to known endocarp determinant genes in Arabidopsis including SHATTERPROOF, SEEDSTCK and NAC SECONDARY WALL THICENING PROMOTING FACTOR 1 were found to be specifically expressed in the endocarp while the negative regulator FRUITFUL predominated in exocarp and mesocarp.
The subsurface chemistry of the mangosteen exocarp comprises an array of polyphenolic acids including xanthones and
During this period, the fruit increases in size until its exocarp is 68 centimeters in outside diameter, remaining hard until a final, abrupt ripening stage.
As the fruit enlarges over the next two to three months, the exocarp color deepens to darker green.
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