American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The hard inner layer of the pericarp of many fruits, such as the pit or stone of a cherry, peach, or olive.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In botany, the inner wall of a pericarp which consists of two dissimilar layers.
- n. It may be hard and stony as in the plum and peach, membranous as in the apple, or fleshy as in the orange. The endocarp or stone, the epicarp or outer skin, and the mesocarp or fleshy part of a peach are shown in the cut.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) The inner layer of a ripened or fructified ovary.
- n. the hard inner (usually woody) layer of the pericarp of some fruits (as peaches or plums or cherries or olives) that contains the seed
- endo- + Ancient Greek καρπός ("fruit"). (Wiktionary)
“The epicarp is either smooth or rugose (sulcate or covered in scales or spines). the endocarp is the membranous or woody portion of the fruit.”
“Within this husk is the endocarp or seed shell that resembles the female anatomy.”
“Its own fruit is roughly the size of a peach, with a stony endocarp like an oversized peach pit.”
“The fruit's outer coat (epicarp) is peeled, pulp is sliced off the stony "seed" (endocarp), sun-dried, ground, mixed with blood to a brown, sticky, fibrous mixture (lokot) and eaten or sold in markets (Turkana).”
“Management: Propagated by seed (endocarp) with pulp removed.”
“The fruiting body has an endocarp which resembles a grappling hook, from which the plant takes its common name.”
“The El Salvador Forest Service recommends making a cut on the hard fruit endocarp with a file and then planting them in seed beds or plastic bags.”
“Aims of the breeders are, apart from a thin endocarp and and a thick mesocarp, to further shorten the unproductive growing period, to slow down and limit the height growth and to increase the fruit content.”
“Me - mesocarp, EM = embryo, En = endocarp, Esp = endosperm, Kei = germ, Ha =”
“According to the thickness of the nut shell (endocarp), three types are distinguished: aura with a shell thickness of 2 to 8 mm, tenera with 0.5 to 3 mm and pisifera without shell.”
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