from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Sadness or depression of the spirits; gloom: "There is melancholy in the wind and sorrow in the grass” ( Charles Kuralt).
- n. Pensive reflection or contemplation.
- n. Archaic Black bile.
- n. Archaic An emotional state characterized by sullenness and outbreaks of violent anger, believed to arise from black bile.
- adj. Affected with or marked by depression of the spirits; sad. See Synonyms at sad.
- adj. Tending to promote sadness or gloom: a letter with some melancholy news.
- adj. Pensive; thoughtful.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Affected with great sadness or depression.
- n. Black bile, formerly thought to be one of the four "cardinal humours" of animal bodies.
- n. Great sadness or depression, especially of a thoughtful or introspective nature.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Depression of spirits; a gloomy state continuing a considerable time; deep dejection; gloominess.
- n. Great and continued depression of spirits, amounting to mental unsoundness; melancholia.
- n. Pensive maditation; serious thoughtfulness.
- n. Ill nature.
- adj. Depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy dismal.
- adj. Producing great evil and grief; causing dejection; calamitous; afflictive.
- adj. Somewhat deranged in mind; having the jugment impaired.
- adj. Favorable to meditation; somber.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as melancholia; in old use, insanity of any kind.
- n. A gloomy state of mind, particularly when habitual or of considerable duration; depression of spirits arising from grief or natural disposition; dejection; sadness. Also, in technical use, melancholia.
- n. Sober thoughtfulness; pensiveness.
- n. Bitterness of feeling; ill nature.
- n. Synonyms Hypochondria, gloominess, despondency.
- Produced by melancholia or madness of any kind.
- Affected by depression of spirits; depressed in spirits; dejected; gloomy.
- Given to contemplation; thoughtful; pensive. See I., 3.
- Producing or fitted to produce sadness or gloom; sad; mournful: as, a melancholy fact; a melancholy event.
- Grave or gloomy in character; suggestive of melancholy; somber.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a feeling of thoughtful sadness
- n. a humor that was once believed to be secreted by the kidneys or spleen and to cause sadness and melancholy
- adj. grave or even gloomy in character
- n. a constitutional tendency to be gloomy and depressed
- adj. characterized by or causing or expressing sadness
Middle English melancolie, from Old French, from Late Latin melancholia, from Greek melankholiā : melās, melan-, black + kholē, bile; see ghel-2 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek μελαγχολία (melancholia, "atrabiliousness"), from μέλας (melas), μελαν- (melan-, "black, dark, murky") + χολή (chole, "bile"). Compare the Latin ātra bīlis ("black bile"). (Wiktionary)