from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A narrow ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.
- n. Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, & West Virginia The shoulder of a road.
- n. A raised bank or path, especially the bank of a canal opposite the towpath.
- n. A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach, formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves.
- n. A mound or bank of earth, used especially as a barrier or to provide insulation.
- n. The flat space between the edge of a ditch and the base of a fortification.
- transitive v. To provide with a berm or berms.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A narrow ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope
- n. A raised bank or path, especially the bank of a canal opposite the towpath
- n. A terrace formed by wave action along a beach
- n. A mound or bank of earth, used especially as a barrier or to provide insulation
- n. A ledge between the parapet and the moat in a fortification
- n. A strip of land between a street and sidewalk (regional)
- v. To provide something with a berm
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch.
- n. A ledge at the bottom of a bank or cutting, to catch earth that may roll down the slope, or to strengthen the bank.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A narrow ledge; specifically, in fortification, a space of ground or a terrace from 3 to 5 feet in width, left between the rampart and the moat or foss, designed to receive the ruins of the rampart in the event of a bombardment, and to prevent the earth from filling the foss.
- n. The bank or side of a canal which is opposite to the towing-path. Also called berm-bank.
- n. In railroad engin., the narrow horizontal plane between the foot of the embankment or excavation slope and the top of the slope of the side-ditch.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a narrow ledge or shelf typically at the top or bottom of a slope
- n. a narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road
French berme, from Dutch berm, from Middle Dutch bærm, berme.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Dutch berm, cognate of English brim. (Wiktionary)