American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A narrow ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.
- n. Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, & West Virginia The shoulder of a road.
- n. A raised bank or path, especially the bank of a canal opposite the towpath.
- n. A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach, formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves.
- n. A mound or bank of earth, used especially as a barrier or to provide insulation.
- n. The flat space between the edge of a ditch and the base of a fortification.
- v. To provide with a berm or berms.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A narrow ledge; specifically, in fortification, a space of ground or a terrace from 3 to 5 feet in width, left between the rampart and the moat or foss, designed to receive the ruins of the rampart in the event of a bombardment, and to prevent the earth from filling the foss. Sometimes it is palisaded, and in the Netherlands it is generally planted with a quickset hedge.
- n. The bank or side of a canal which is opposite to the towing-path. Also called berm-bank.
- n. In railroad engin., the narrow horizontal plane between the foot of the embankment or excavation slope and the top of the slope of the side-ditch.
- n. A narrow ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope
- n. A raised bank or path, especially the bank of a canal opposite the towpath
- n. A terrace formed by wave action along a beach
- n. A mound or bank of earth, used especially as a barrier or to provide insulation
- n. A ledge between the parapet and the moat in a fortification
- n. A strip of land between a street and sidewalk (regional)
- v. To provide something with a berm
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Fort.) A narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch.
- n. (Engineering) A ledge at the bottom of a bank or cutting, to catch earth that may roll down the slope, or to strengthen the bank.
- n. a narrow ledge or shelf typically at the top or bottom of a slope
- n. a narrow edge of land (usually unpaved) along the side of a road
- From Dutch berm, cognate of English brim. (Wiktionary)
- French berme, from Dutch berm, from Middle Dutch bærm, berme. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“And the Louisiana berm is not the only example of rushed emergency permitting of a major project.”
“I hope I’m wrong, but I fear that this permitted berm is not a viable solution.”
“The range was two hundred yards and the berm was all clay so no damage would come to the arrows.”
“NRC officials said the manufacturer of the berm, which is essentially a huge inner tube that's filled with water, is beginning the process of replacing the one that ruptured.”
“And he wants to build a huge sand berm, which isn't a bad idea.”
“The U.S. Marines have now come back up to the top of the berm, which is where we are now.”
“They went to a berm, which is -- essentially it's like a big sand block or dam.”
“The freeboard, or distance between the maximum expected high water and the top of the berm (a berm is the wall of a pond), for small ponds of less than 3 meters in height and 1 acre (0.4 hectares) in size can be”
“Manning said the berm, which is a raised barrier separating two areas, would be approximately”
“The berm is the safest, least costly, most efficient way to elevate the tracks through the Dome District, Edwards said.”
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