from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- intransitive v. To travel as a commuter.
- intransitive v. To make substitution or exchange.
- intransitive v. To serve as a substitute.
- intransitive v. To pay in gross, usually at a reduced rate, rather than in individual payments.
- intransitive v. Mathematics & Logic To satisfy or engage in a commutative operation.
- transitive v. To substitute (one thing for another); exchange.
- transitive v. To change (a penalty, debt, or payment) to a less severe one.
- n. An act or instance of commuting, especially the trip made by a commuter: a 22-mile commute; an easy commute.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To regularly travel from one's home to one's workplace, or vice versa.
- v. To pay out the lump-sum present value of an annuity, instead of paying in instalments.
- v. To pay, or arrange to pay, in gross instead of part by part.
- v. To reduce the sentence previously given for a criminal offense.
- v. To obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; to effect a commutation.
- v. To engage in a commutative operation.
- n. The route one takes to travel to a workplace or back.
- n. The distance of that route.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To exchange; to put or substitute something else in place of, as a smaller penalty, obligation, or payment, for a greater, or a single thing for an aggregate; hence, to lessen; to diminish.
- intransitive v. To obtain or bargain for exemption or substitution; to effect a commutation.
- intransitive v. To pay, or arrange to pay, in gross instead of part by part.
- intransitive v. to travel regularly from a place of residence to another place, such as where one's daily work is performed. Often, such travel is performed between a suburb and a nearby city.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To exchange; put in the place of another (thing or person); give or receive for another; substitute another thing for.
- Specifically— To exchange one penalty or punishment for another of less severity.
- To substitute one sort of burden for another; especially, to substitute money payment for payment in kind or the performance of a compulsory duty: as, to commute tithes.
- In electricity, to regulate (the direction of an electrical current) as by a commutator.
- To serve as a substitute.
- To pay in money instead of in kind or in duty.
- To pay a single sum as an equivalent for a number of successive payments; specifically, to purchase and use a commutation-ticket.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. exchange positions without a change in value
- v. exchange a penalty for a less severe one
- v. change the order or arrangement of
- v. exchange or replace with another, usually of the same kind or category
- n. a regular journey of some distance to and from your place of work
- v. travel back and forth regularly, as between one's place of work and home
Middle English commuten, to transform, from Latin commūtāre : com-, com- + mūtāre, to change; see mei-1 in Indo-European roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin commūtō (Wiktionary)