American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Either of two Asian plants (Corchorus capsularis or C. olitorius) yielding a fiber used for sacking and cordage.
- n. The fiber obtained from these plants.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of a Low German tribe originally inhabiting Jutland, Denmark, which, with the Saxons and Angles, invaded Great Britain in the fifth century. See Anglo-Saxon.
- n. A plant of the fiber-producing genus Corchorus, natural order Tiliaceæ; chiefly, one of the two species C.capsularis and C.olitorius, which alone furnish the jute-fiber of commerce. The latter is called
Jews'-mallow, a name also occasionally given to the former. C.capsularis is the larger, and has short globular pods, while those of C.olitorius are elongated and cylindrical; but there is no clear difference in the quality of their product. The two species are native and cultivated in Bengal, whence comes the great mass of the Jute of commerce, 60,000 Tons being exported per year. Jute likes a warm, moist climate. It has been introduced into Egypt, and into the southern United States, where its success appears to be hindered only by the want of a sufficiently cheap means of separating the fiber.
- n. The fiber of this plant. It is obtained by maceration from the Inner bark. It is of fair tenacity, glossy, and susceptible of so fine division as to mix well with silk, and can take on a bright and permanent coloring. Hitherto, however, its commercial use has been in the manufacture of coarse fabrics, such as gunny-bags, for which it is consumed in vast quantities. It is of inferior value for ropes, not enduring moisture well. The refuse makes good paper. Dundee, in Scotland, is the great seat of Jute-manufacture.
- n. The coarse, strong fiber of the East Indian plant, Corchorus olitorius, used to make mats, paper, gunny cloth etc.
- n. The plants from which this fibre is obtained.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The coarse, strong fiber of the East Indian Corchorus olitorius, and Corchorus capsularis; also, the plant itself. The fiber is much used for making mats, gunny cloth, cordage, hangings, paper, etc.
- n. a plant fiber used in making rope or sacks
- n. a member of a Germanic people who conquered England and merged with the Angles and Saxons to become Anglo-Saxons
- From Bengali, from Sanskrit. (Wiktionary)
- Bengali jhuṭo, from Sanskrit jūṭaḥ, twisted hair, probably of Dravidian origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The term jute was first applied to the fiber by Dr. Rosburgh in 1795.”
“The scientific name is Corchorus olitorius, also called jute mallow and Egyptian spinach.”
“The one I have marked "yarn" and the other "jute" -- a thousand of Mechlin to a hundred of the shiny.”
“Have you any clear and definite notions as to the prime origin and final destination of a thing called jute, in whose sole manufacture the whole great and flourishing town of Dundee lives and moves and has its being?”
“Mumbai: Shifting its stand from an accommodative monetary policy to managing inflation, pegged at a high 8.5 percent by end-March, India's central Ministers (GoM) on Aviation Wednesday sought clarification from national carrier India, which had incurred a loss of Rs. 7,200 crore last fiscal, about Pakistan is developing over Dhaka's ban on export of raw jute, which is threatening the survival of”
“Pakistan is developing over Dhaka's ban on export of raw jute, which is threatening the survival of 14 jute mills and livelihood of 100,000 workers in Pakistan.”
“All O.K., the wood inside all O.K., only the jute was a little bit destroyed and the leather I must sew again.”
“This paw-print dishcloth is made of 100% cotton yarn, and the color is called "jute".”
“Grown Green Rugs carries rugs made from natural fibers such as jute, sisal, wool, seagrass and coir, all of which are sustainable, biodegradable and environmentally-friendly.”
“The fertile soil of this inundated area has also attracted large-scale agricultural projects such as jute (in the past) and mechanized rice production today which degrade the natural habitat.”
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