Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To make an error or a mistake.
  • intransitive v. To violate accepted moral standards; sin.
  • intransitive v. Archaic To stray.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To make a mistake.
  • v. To sin.
  • v. to stray.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • intransitive v. To wander; to roam; to stray.
  • intransitive v. To deviate from the true course; to miss the thing aimed at.
  • intransitive v. To miss intellectual truth; to fall into error; to mistake in judgment or opinion; to be mistaken.
  • intransitive v. To deviate morally from the right way; to go astray, in a figurative sense; to do wrong; to sin.
  • intransitive v. To offend, as by erring.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To wander; go in a devious and uncertain course.
  • To deviate from the true course or purpose; hence, to wander from truth or from the path of duty; depart from rectitude; go astray morally.
  • To go astray in thought or belief; be mistaken; blunder; misapprehend.
  • To mislead; cause to deviate from truth or rectitude.
  • To miss; mistake.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. to make a mistake or be incorrect
  • v. wander from a direct course or at random

Etymologies

Middle English erren, from Old French errer, from Latin errāre, to wander; see ers- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English erren, from Old French errer ("to wander, err, mistake"), from Latin errō ("wander, stray, err, mistake", v), from Proto-Indo-European *ares- (“to be angry, lose one's temper”). Cognate with Old English eorre, ierre ("anger, wrath, ire"), Old English iersian ("to be angry with, rage, irritate, provoke"), Old English ierre ("wandering, gone astray, confused"). (Wiktionary)

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