American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A man who is a member of a brotherhood living in a monastery and devoted to a discipline prescribed by his order: a Carthusian monk; a Buddhist monk.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Originally, a man who retired from the world for religious meditation and the practice of religious duties in solitude; a religious hermit; in later use, a member of a community or fraternity of men formed for the practice of religious devotions and duties, and bound by the vows of poverty, celibacy, and obedience to a superior; specifically, a regular male denizen of a monastery. Communities of a more or less monastic character in Palestine and Egypt before the diffusion of Christianity were the Essenes and Therapeutæ (which see). The ordinary Christian life of the first three centuries, even when not celibate, was largely ascetic and in communities. Christian monasticism in a definite form originated in Upper Egypt in the third or fourth century (perhaps with St. Anthony; according to other accounts it is traced to the ascetic Paul, about a. d. 250). The first monks were anchorites, living in solitude. The collection of anchorites in a monastery (laura or cœnobium) is ascribed to Pachomius, in the fourth century. The institution spread rapidly, and was greatly helped in the West by the establishment of the Benedictine order in the sixth century. Various developments of the monastic system are to be found in the middle ages, as the military orders, friars (often distinguished from monks proper), etc. Since the Reformation, and especially since the French revolution, monachism has declined in Western countries, or has been overshadowed by the society of Jesuits, but still continues to flourish in Eastern churches.
- n. A name of various animals. The bullfinch, Pyrrhula vulgaris.
- n. In printing, an over-inked spot or blotch in print, usually made by imperfect distribution of ink. Compare friar, 2.
- n. Milit., a fuse for firing mines.
- n. Synonyms Hermit, etc. See anchoret.
- n. A male member of a monastic order who has devoted his life for religious service.
- n. in earlier usage, an eremite or hermit devoted to solitude, as opposed to a cenobite, who lived communally.
- n. slang A male who leads an isolated life; a loner, a hermit.
- n. slang An unmarried man who does not have sexual relationships.
- n. slang A judge.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. A man who retires from the ordinary temporal concerns of the world, and devotes himself to religion; one of a religious community of men inhabiting a monastery, and bound by vows to a life of chastity, obedience, and poverty.
- n. (Print.) A blotch or spot of ink on a printed page, caused by the ink not being properly distributed. It is distinguished from a
friar, or white spot caused by a deficiency of ink.
- n. A piece of tinder made of agaric, used in firing the powder hose or train of a mine.
- n. A South American monkey (Pithecia monachus); also applied to other species, as Cebus xanthocephalus.
- n. The European bullfinch.
- n. a male religious living in a cloister and devoting himself to contemplation and prayer and work
- n. United States jazz pianist who was one of the founders of the bebop style (1917-1982)
- Old English munuc, from Latin monachus, from Ancient Greek μοναχός (monachos, "single, solitary"), from μόνος (monos, "alone") (Wiktionary)
- Middle English munk, from Old English munuc, from Late Latin monachus, from Late Greek monakhos, from Greek, single, from monos; see men-4 in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Jackson - "The monk is just someone who's sort of taken up a curatorship.”
“I recently had the great fortune of sharing the afternoon with Sifu Wang Bo, a Shaolin monk who was 11 years old when on tour with "Wheel of Life.”
“Kung Fu star David Carradine dead p2pnet news view Movies | TV: - In the famous Kung Fu TV series, Shaolin monk Kwai Chang Caine travels slowly through the old American West, armed only with his skill in the martial arts — and a bamboo flute — as he searches for half-brother Danny Caine.”
“He was a Jain monk in the sixties, and a student of Gandhi, and he walked to all these cities in protest of nuclear arms, in non-violent protest, and he invited me to sing at a conference he was holding, and it so happened that it was about water.”
“Forget even Dan Brown and the albino assassin monk from an order that has no monks, or the long twilight struggle between the Freemasons and the Vatican.”
“You can usually tell a Christian monk from a Buddhist monk, for example, because they wear robes of different colours and carry different religious symbols.”
“The Giaour's goal, he tells the monk, is "To die — and know no second love" (1166).”
“For those who don't know Brother Metal, the Capuchin monk who sings with a heavy metal band, you should take a look at this article about the band putting out their second album.”
“And also any time I heard the word monk on the TV he was the first to come in my mind.”
“The manuscript was likely written by one monk from the Benedictine monastery in Podlazice located some 65 miles east of Prague sometime at the beginning of the 13th century, said Zdenek Uhlir, a specialist on medieval manuscripts at the National Library.”
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Words containing the sound /ŏngk/.
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