American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The superior of a monastery.
- n. Used as a title for such a person.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Literally, father: a title originally given to any monk, but afterward limited to the head or superior of a monastery. It was formerly especially used in the order of St. Benedict, rector being employed by the Jesuits, guardianus by the Franciscans, prior by the Dominicans, and archimandrite or hegoumenos by the Greek and Oriental churches, to designate the same office. Originally the abbots, like the monks, were usually laymen; later they were required to be in holy orders. They were at first subject to the bishop of the diocese; but in the contentions between the bishops and abbots the latter in many cases gradually acquired exemption from jurisdiction of the bishops and became subject to the pope directly, or to an abbot-general, or archabbot, who exercised a supervision over several associated abbeys. As the influence of the religious orders increased, the power, dignity, and wealth of the abbots increased proportionally; many of them held rank as temporal lords, and, as mitered abbots, exercised certain episcopal functions in the territory surrounding their monasteries. In the reign of Henry VIII. twenty-six abbots sat in the House of Lords. Until the sixth century abbots were chosen from the monks by the bishop; since that time they have been generally elected by the monks themselves, ordinarily for life. In some instances, where the administration of the revenues of an abbey fell under the civil authority, the conferring of the benefice, and therefore the nomination of the abbot, came into the hands of the temporal sovereign, a practice variously regulated by concordats with the different countries. The right of confirmation varies; the solemn benediction of an abbot ordinarily belongs to the bishop of the diocese, occasionally to the head abbot, or to a special bishop chosen by the abbot elect. In some instances of exempt abbeys it has been conferred by the pope in person.
- n. In later usage, loosely applied to the holder of one of certain non-monastic offices. The principal of a body of parochial clergy, as an Episcopal rector.
- n. A title retained in Hanover, Würtemberg, Brunswick, and Schleswig-Holstein by the heads of certain Protestant institutions to which the property of various abbeys was transferred at the Reformation. See abbess
- n. The chief magistrate of the Genoese in Galata.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The superior or head of an abbey.
- n. One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys.
- n. the superior of an abbey of monks
- Middle English abbod, from Old English, from Late Latin abbās, abbāt-, from Greek abbā, abbās, from Aramaic 'abbā, my father; see אb in Semitic roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Our Lady's Chapel has a bold kind of portal, and several ceilings of chapels, and tribunes in a beautiful taste: but of all delight, is what they call the abbot's cloister.”
“Address by the abbot of Montecassino (who, as territorial abbot, is also the ordinary of Cassino):”
“The word abbot — abbas in Latin and Greek, abba in Chaldee and Syriac — came from the Hebrew ab, meaning father.”
“When, therefore, any one shall receive the name of abbot, he ought to rule his disciples with a twofold teaching: that is, he should first show them in deeds rather than words all that is good and holy.”
“The bishops of Kildare were frequently called abbot-bishops and bishops of Leinster down to the Synod of Kells.”
“Placidi ", purporting to be written by one Gordianus, a servant of the saint, on the strength of which he is usually described as abbot and martyr, is really the work of Peter the Deacon, a monk of Monte Cassino in the twelfth century (see Delehaye, op.cit. infra).”
““Why, well,” said the youth, “if the abbot is a man of respectability becoming his vocation, and not one of those swaggering churchmen, who stretch out the sword, and bear themselves like rank soldiers in these troublous times.””
“Obedience to the abbot is the most obvious form of this, but that obedience itself refers to the life and health of the whole community, since the abbot exercises discipline only in that context, and is ultimately accountable in those terms.”
“Except on one point: all of them agreed that the knight who had first defied the abbot was a Nordic wolfman of some sort.”
“Our parents were taken from us when we were young, and after that the abbot was our father, and the monks were our family.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘abbot’.
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hard word word 4 strong vocab
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Wish me luck
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