from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A person who renounces material comforts and leads a life of austere self-discipline, especially as an act of religious devotion.
- adj. Leading a life of self-discipline and self-denial, especially for spiritual improvement. See Synonyms at severe.
- adj. Pertaining to or characteristic of an ascetic; self-denying and austere: an ascetic existence.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of or relating to ascetics; characterized by rigorous self-denial or self-discipline; austere; abstinent; involving a withholding of physical pleasure.
- n. One who is devoted to the practice of self-denial, either through seclusion or stringent abstinence.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe.
- n. In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Practising special acts of self-denial as a religious exercise; seeking holiness through self-mortification; hence, rigidly abstinent and self-restrained as to appetites and passions.
- Hence Unduly strict or rigid in religious exercises or mortifications; severe; austere.
- Pertaining to or resembling the ascetics.
- n. In the early Christian church, one who practised unusual self-denial and devotion; in modern usage, also one who retires from the customary business of life and engages in pious exercises; a hermit; a recluse.
- n. plural [capitalized] The title of certam books on devout exercises: as, the Ascetics of St. Basil.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- adj. pertaining to or characteristic of an ascetic or the practice of rigorous self-discipline
- n. someone who practices self denial as a spiritual discipline
- adj. practicing great self-denial
Late Greek askētikos, from Greek askētēs, practitioner, hermit, monk, from askein, to work.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Ancient Greek ἀσκητικός (askētikos), from ἀσκητής (askētēs, "monk, hermit"), from ἀσκέω (askeō, "I exercise"). (Wiktionary)