American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Roman Catholic Church A member of an originally mendicant religious order founded by St. Francis of Assisi in 1209 and dedicated to the virtues of humility and poverty. It is now divided into three independent branches.
- adj. Of or relating to Saint Francis of Assisi or to the order founded by him.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Belonging to the order of St. Francis; of or pertaining to the Franciscans.
- n. One of an order of mendicant friars founded by St. Francis of Assisi, Italy, authorized by the pope in 1210 and more formally ratified in 1223. In addition to the usual vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience, special stress is laid upon preaching and ministry to the body and soul. Under various names, such as Minorites, Barefooted Friars, and Gray Friars, the order spread rapidly throughout Europe; among its members were Alexander of Hales, Duns Scotus, Roger Bacon, Occam, Popes Sixtus V. and Clement XIV., and other eminent men; and the order was long noted for its rivalry with the Dominicans. Differences early arose in regard to the severity of the rule, winch culminated in the fifteenth century in the division of the order into two great classes, the Observantines or Observants and the Conventuals; the former follow a more rigorous, the latter a milder rule. The general of the Observantines is minister-general of the entire order. The order has been noted for missionary zeal, but suffered considerably in the Reformation and the French revolution. The usual distinguishing features of the garb are a gray or dark-brown cowl, a girdle, and sandals.
- n. A monk or nun belonging to the religious order founded by St Francis of Assisi.
- adj. Pertaining to St Francis or to the Franciscans.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (R. C. Ch.) Belonging to the Order of St. Francis of the Franciscans.
- n. (R.C.Ch.) A monk or friar of the Order of St. Francis, a large and zealous order of mendicant monks founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi. They are called also
Friars Minor; and in England, Gray Friars, because they wear a gray habit.
- n. a Roman Catholic friar wearing the grey habit of the Franciscan order
- adj. of or relating to Saint Francis of Assisi or to the order founded by him
- New Latin Franciscānus, from Medieval Latin Franciscus, from Saint Francis of Assisi. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Hehir, who has advised church leaders for four decades, hasn't responded to any accusations and neither has O'Malley, a Capuchin Franciscan friar known for his humility.”
“When SF polticians call for the immediate withdrawal of every San Franciscan from the armed forces you can have your boycott, until then, keep those snakeoil selling recruiters away from our kids while we have a cowboy for a president.”
“The extinction-defying shrub is informally called Franciscan manzanita, for its home near San Francisco Bay, but maybe someone should rename it the Lazarus manzanita.”
“Six years ago, Bridgepoint purchased what was then called Franciscan University of the Prairies, a near-bankrupt, 300-student college that for decades had been run by a local order of Franciscan nuns.”
“I also keep recalling a Franciscan friend I lost touch with far too long ago, who rather liked playing poker.”
“There is a companion Order called the Franciscan Sisters of the Atonment converted from the Episcopal Church at the same time as the friars, that is also the same type dissident, liberal USA Order and has about 150 aged members.”
“As the days go by and I inch ever-closer to graduation, I realize more and more just how hypocritical the so-called Franciscan tradition of this college truly is.”
“The Franciscan was the next to enter this new world.”
“Ockham and the Spiritual Franciscans who had supported Louis of Bavaria, denied in good round terms the Franciscan doctrine of "evangelical poverty".”
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