Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Roman Catholic Church A member of an originally mendicant religious order founded by St. Francis of Assisi in 1209 and dedicated to the virtues of humility and poverty. It is now divided into three independent branches.
  • adj. Of or relating to Saint Francis of Assisi or to the order founded by him.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A monk or nun belonging to the religious order founded by St Francis of Assisi.
  • adj. Pertaining to St Francis or to the Franciscans.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Belonging to the Order of St. Francis of the Franciscans.
  • n. A monk or friar of the Order of St. Francis, a large and zealous order of mendicant monks founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi. They are called also Friars Minor; and in England, Gray Friars, because they wear a gray habit.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Belonging to the order of St. Francis; of or pertaining to the Franciscans.
  • n. One of an order of mendicant friars founded by St. Francis of Assisi, Italy, authorized by the pope in 1210 and more formally ratified in 1223.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a Roman Catholic friar wearing the grey habit of the Franciscan order
  • adj. of or relating to Saint Francis of Assisi or to the order founded by him

Etymologies

New Latin Franciscānus, from Medieval Latin Franciscus, from Saint Francis of Assisi.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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