American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the ancient city of Byzantium.
- adj. Of or relating to the Byzantine Empire.
- adj. Of or belonging to the style of architecture developed from the fifth century A.D. in the Byzantine Empire, characterized especially by a central dome resting on a cube formed by four round arches and their pendentives and by the extensive use of surface decoration, especially veined marble panels, low relief carving, and colored glass mosaics.
- adj. Of the painting and decorative style developed in the Byzantine Empire, characterized by formality of design, frontal stylized presentation of figures, rich use of color, especially gold, and generally religious subject matter.
- adj. Of the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it.
- adj. Of a Uniat church that maintains the worship of the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it.
- adj. Of, relating to, or characterized by intrigue; scheming or devious: "a fine hand for Byzantine deals and cozy arrangements” ( New York).
- adj. Highly complicated; intricate and involved: a bill to simplify the byzantine tax structure.
- n. A native or inhabitant of Byzantium or the Byzantine Empire.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Pertaining to Byzantium, or Constantinople, an ancient city of Thrace, situated on the Bosporus, which became the capital of the Byzantine or Eastern empire, or to the empire itself. Byzantium was founded by a Greek colony in the seventh century b. c., but was of no great importance until a. d. 330, when the emperor Constantine the Great made it his capital, and changed its name to Constantinople, after himself.
- n. A native or an inhabitant of Byzantium. See I.
- n. Same as bezant
- adj. Overly complex or intricate.
- adj. Of or pertaining to Byzantium.
- adj. of a devious, usually stealthy manner, of practice.
- n. rare A native of Byzantium (modern-day Istanbul)
- n. history Belonging to the civilization of the Eastern-Roman empire, between 331 A.D. when the capital was moved to Constantinople (now Istanbul) and up 1453 when it was conquered by the Turks.
- n. Alternative form of byzantine. (coin)
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to Byzantium.
- adj. of or relating to or characteristic of the Byzantine Empire or the ancient city of Byzantium
- adj. highly complex or intricate and occasionally devious
- adj. of or relating to the Eastern Orthodox Church or the rites performed in it
- n. a native or inhabitant of Byzantium or of the Byzantine Empire
- From Late Latin byzantinus itself from Byzantium (Wiktionary)
“(W.R. L.)  For Byzantine literature see GR.EK LITER.TUR.: _Byzantine_.”
“The word Byzantine had been used by her first lover to describe her eyes.”
“The term Byzantine is therefore employed to designate this Eastern survival of the ancient Roman Empire.”
“We begin the Middle Ages with the Byzantine metalwork, in order to remove at the outset the impression that the term Byzantine is used to express a definite period of time; it is used rather to denote a definite geographical circle of art and culture, that is to say,”
“The dissension of this discussion, which we call Byzantine -- because it is a discussion between two deaf and dumb -- because it differentiates between those who want to give the revolution a thrust and those who do not want to push it.”
“When the Greeks themselves had to face the problem of larger and more complex buildings, in the service of a supernatural and hierarchical system, they transformed their architecture into what we call Byzantine, and St. Sophia took the place of the Parthenon.”
“Gibbon had little time for the East Roman empire (which we call Byzantine, although nobody called it that at the time), but Wickham reminds us that for centuries it remained the most sophisticated and powerful state in the Eurasian world.”
“Mr. McDonald’s futuristic Istanbul reminds us of the complex underplay of European meets Middle Eastern politics, and why the term Byzantine entered our lexicon in the first place.”
“Of course, as Von Simson reminds us, a desire to evoke heaven and for the church to stand as a symbol of the new Jerusalem was not unique or new to Gothic architecture; one sees the same impulse in Byzantine and Romanesque buildings, and again very vividly in later Baroque architecture.”
“An indecisive election result led to the sorts of political negotiations for which the word Byzantine really is appropriate.”
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