American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of or relating to the Goths or their language.
- adj. Germanic; Teutonic.
- adj. Of or relating to the Middle Ages; medieval.
- adj. Of or relating to an architectural style prevalent in western Europe from the 12th through the 15th century and characterized by pointed arches, rib vaulting, and a developing emphasis on verticality and the impression of height.
- adj. Of or relating to an architectural style derived from medieval Gothic.
- adj. Of or relating to painting, sculpture, or other art forms prevalent in northern Europe from the 12th through the 15th century.
- adj. Of or relating to a style of fiction that emphasizes the grotesque, mysterious, and desolate.
- adj. Barbarous; crude.
- n. The extinct East Germanic language of the Goths.
- n. Gothic art or architecture.
- n. Printing See black letter.
- n. Printing See sans serif.
- n. A novel in a style emphasizing the grotesque, mysterious, and desolate.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to the Goths: as, Gothic customs; Gothic barbarity.
- Hence Rude; barbarous.
- An epithet commonly applied to the European art of the middle ages, and more particularly to the various Pointed types of architecture generally prevalent from the middle of the twelfth century to the revival of study of classical models in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. This epithet was originally applied in scorn (compare def. 2), by Italian Renaissance architects, to every species of art which had existed from the decay of Roman art until the outward forms of that art were revived as patterns for imitation; but, although no longer used in a depreciative sense, the adjective is inappropriate as applied to one of the noblest and completest styles of architecture ever developed, which owes nothing whatsoever to the Goths, and is seldom now described as Gothic in other languages than English. See
- In liturgies, an epithet sometimes applied to the Mozarabic liturgy, or to the Gallican family of liturgies, in accordance with an incorrect theory that they were first introduced into Gaul and Spain by the Visigoths, or from the fact that they were in use in Gallican and Spanish churches at the time of Gothic domination. An ancient manuscript of the Gallican liturgy still extant is entitled a Gothic Missal (Missale Gothicum) by a later hand.
- n. The language of the Goths. The Goths spoke various forms of a Teutonic tongue now usually classed with the Scandinavian as the eastern branch of the Teutonic family, though it has also close affinities with the western branch (Old High German, Anglo-Saxon, etc.). All forms of Gothic have perished without record, except that spoken by some of the western Goths (Visigoths), who at the beginning of the fourth century occupied Dacia (Wallachia, etc.), and who before the end of that century passed over in great numbers into Mœsia (now Bulgaria, etc.). Revolting against the Roman empire, they extended their conquests even into Gaul and Spain. Their language, now called
Mœsogothicor simply Gothic, is preserved in the fragmentary remains of a nearly complete translation of the Bible made by their bishop, Wulfila (a name also used in the forms Ulfila, Ulphila, Ulfilas) (who lived in the fourth century a. d.), and in some other fragments. These remains are of the highest philological importance, preceding by several centuries the next earliest Teutonic records (Anglo-Saxon and Old High German). The language bears a primitive aspect, indicating its existence under practically undisturbed linguistic conditions for a long period before its appearance in the records. Apart from the Latin and Greek words introduced with Christianity, Gothic shows little trace of foreign influence except in the presence of a few words borrowed from the neighboring Slavs. As the oldest recorded Teutonic tongue, and usually but not always nearest the original Teutonic type, it stands at the head of the languages of its class, to which it bears a relation like that of the Sanskrit to the other languages of the Indo-European family.
- n. In bibliography, an early form of black-faced and pointed letters, as shown in printed books and manuscripts.
- n. [lowercase] The American name for a style of square-cut printing-type without serifs or hair-lines, after the style of old Roman mural letters. What is called simply gothic in America is known in England as grotesque, and lighter faces known in England as sans-serif are in America called gothic condensed, light-face gothic, etc.
- n. The so-called Gothic style of architecture. See I., 3.
- Belonging to or characteristic of ‘Goths’ or ‘barbarians’ in matters of literature or art.
- n. an extinct Germanic language, once spoken by the Goths
- adj. of or relating to the Goths.
- adj. barbarous, rude, unpolished, belonging to the "Dark Ages", medieval as opposed to classical.
- adj. of or relating to the architectural style favored in western Europe in the 12th to 16th centuries.
- adj. of or relating to the style of fictional writing associated with the Gothic revival, emphasizing violent or macabre events in a mysterious, desolate setting.
- adj. typography in England, of the name of type formerly used to print German, also known as black letter.
- adj. typography in the USA, of a sans serif typeface using straight, even-width lines, also called grotesque
- adj. of or relating to the goth subculture or lifestyle.
- n. A novel written in the Gothic style.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Pertaining to the Goths; ; also, rude; barbarous.
- adj. (Arch.) Of or pertaining to a style of architecture with pointed arches, steep roofs, windows large in proportion to the wall spaces, and, generally, great height in proportion to the other dimensions -- prevalent in Western Europe from about 1200 to 1475 a. d. See
Illust.of Abacus, and Capital.
- n. The language of the Goths; especially, the language of that part of the Visigoths who settled in Moesia in the 4th century. See goth.
- n. A kind of square-cut type, with no hair lines.
- n. (Arch.) The style described in Gothic, a., 2.
- adj. characterized by gloom and mystery and the grotesque
- adj. characteristic of the style of type commonly used for printing German
- adj. of or relating to the language of the ancient Goths
- n. extinct East Germanic language of the ancient Goths; the only surviving record being fragments of a 4th-century translation of the Bible by Bishop Ulfilas
- adj. of or relating to the Goths
- adj. as if belonging to the Middle Ages; old-fashioned and unenlightened
- n. a heavy typeface in use from 15th to 18th centuries
- n. a style of architecture developed in northern France that spread throughout Europe between the 12th and 16th centuries; characterized by slender vertical piers and counterbalancing buttresses and by vaulting and pointed arches
- Goth + -ic, English from the 17th century, ad Latin gothicus. (Wiktionary)
“I heard the term Gothic Wonderland when I was a student there.”
“Felibien, the French author of the _Lives of Architects_, divides Gothic architecture into two distinct kinds -- the _massive_ and the _light_; and as the latter superseded the former, the term Gothic, which had been originally applied to both kinds, seems to have been restricted improperly to the latter only.”
“The term Gothic was applied contemptuously to this architectural style by writers of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, who regarded everything non-classical as barbarous.”
“The term Gothic used in its customary sense is quite incorrect, but is hallowed by tradition.”
“Such a style is Gothic architecture, and it is to this style, regarded in its most inclusive aspect, that the term Gothic is applied by general consent, and in this sense the word is used here.”
“The term Gothic was first used during the later Renaissance, and as a term of contempt.”
“Christopher Wren, and others, who lent their aid in depreciating the old mediæval style, which they termed Gothic, as synonymous with every thing that was barbarous and rude, it may be sufficient to refer to the celebrated Treatise of Sir Henry Wotton, entitled _The Elements of”
“Horace Walpole was as enthusiastic as either of them; good eighteenth century prelates like Hurd and Percy, found in what they called the Gothic an inexhaustible source of delight.”
“I know nothing which more shows the essential and inherent perfection of simplicity of thought, above that which I call the Gothic manner in writing, than this, that the first pleases all kinds of palates, and the latter only such as have formed to themselves a wrong artificial taste upon little fanciful authors and writers of epigram.”
“He cast himself as an urban philosopher whose overarching theory, which he called Gothic Futurism, posited that graffiti writers were trying to liberate the mystical power of letters from the strictures of modern alphabetical standardization and had inherited this mission from medieval monks.”
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