Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. One of a reformed order of Benedictine monks (the order of Cluny), which originated in the celebrated abbey of Cluny in Saône-et-Loire, France, founded about 910, and was very numerous in France for several centuries.
- Of or pertaining to the Benedictine monks of the order of Cluny.
- n. historical A monk of the reformed branch of the Benedictine order, founded in 912 at Cluny (or Clugny) in France.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Eccl. Hist.) A monk of the reformed branch of the Benedictine Order, founded in 912 at Cluny (or Clugny) in France. -- Also used as a.
“Hence, though it has been described as a Cluniac establishment in ancient documents, even in papal letters of so late a date as 1309, it was never an "alien" house, and Cluny can only claim the credit of having set it going with monks and monastic customs.”
“The song of the Cluniac is a great cry of pain wrung from a deeply religious and even mystical soul at the first dawning consciousness of a new order of human ideals and aspirations.”
“The Cluniac was a man of the world whom no confidences could scandalise.”
“The son of northern French nobility, and a former cleric and Cluniac monk, he became pope in 1088, at a time when the papacy, reeling from a rancorous and protracted power struggle with the emperor of Germany, stood on the brink of overthrow.”
“At Cluny ... the famous monastery that sparked the Cluniac Reform in the tenth century, Josephus was specified for Lenten reading. [p. 15]”
“It may be thought that the abbot had ordered this collection to be made simply as a memorial of texts regarded as essential for Cluniac history.”
“The Latin holding of the Bibliothèque Nationale de France include under group 17716 a manuscript coming from the Cluniac Priory of St-Martin-des-Champs Paris.”
“Some Cluniac buildings and churches are well preserved, but the French Revolution exacted a brutal toll on many others.”
“The network -- which now has some 90 member towns and sites -- was started in 1994 on the millennium of the death of the inspirational Abbot Mayeul, who converted countless monasteries to the Cluniac way of life.”
“In France, a well-organized network of Cluniac sites recalls the early medieval monastic order founded in Cluny in Burgundy that set out to reform the church.”
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