American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A nobleman with the highest hereditary rank, especially a man of the highest grade of the peerage in Great Britain.
- n. A sovereign prince who rules an independent duchy in some European countries.
- n. Used as the title for such a nobleman.
- n. Slang A fist. Often used in the plural: Put up your dukes!
- n. Botany A type of cherry intermediate between a sweet and a sour cherry.
- v. To fight, especially with fists: duking it out.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A chief; a prince; a commander; a leader: as, “the dukes of Edom,”
- n. In Great Britain, France, Italy, Spain, and Portugal, a hereditary title of nobility, ranking next below that of prince, but in some instances a sovereign title, as in those of the dukes of Burgundy, Normandy, Lorraine, etc. (see 3, below), or borne as his distinguishing title by a prince of the blood royal. The first English duke was Edward the Black Prince, created Duke of Cornwall in 1837. Dukes, when British peers, sit in the House of Lords by right of birth; Scotch and Irish dukes have a right of election to it, in common with other peers of those countries, in certain proportions; in other countries, except Germany (see below), the title conveys no prescriptive political power. In Great Britain a duke's coronet consists of a richly chased gold circle, having on its upper edge eight strawberry-leaves, with or without a cap of crimson velvet, closed at the top with a gold tassel, lined with sarcenet, and turned up with ermine.
- n. A sovereign prince, the ruler of a state called a duchy. In the middle ages, on the continent of Europe, all dukes were hereditary territorial rulers, generally in subordination to a king or an emperor, though often independent; now only German dukes retain that status, and of these there are but five, those of Anhalt, Brunswick, Saxe-Altenburg, Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, and Saxe-Meiningen. Modena and Parma, in Italy, were ruled by sovereign dukes until their incorporation with the kingdom of Italy in 1860.
- n. A name of the great eagle-owl of Europe, Bubo maximus, called grand-duc by the French.
- n. plural The fists.
- To play the duke.
- n. A dialectal (Scotch) form of duck.
- n. A vehicle having a victoria body suspended at the front on scroll-irons. At the rear is a rumble for a footman. It is sometimes driven by a postilion. Now called a ladies' driving-phaëton.
- n. The male ruler of a duchy (compare duchess).
- n. A high title of nobility; the male holder of a dukedom.
- n. A grand duke.
- n. slang, usually in plural A fist.
- v. transitive To hit or beat with the fists.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. obsolete A leader; a chief; a prince.
- n. In England, one of the highest order of nobility after princes and princesses of the royal blood and the four archbishops of England and Ireland.
- n. In some European countries, a sovereign prince, without the title of king.
- n. slang The fists.
- v. Poetic To play the duke.
- v. slang To beat with the fists.
- n. a nobleman (in various countries) of high rank
- n. a British peer of the highest rank
- From Old French duc, from Latin dux. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French duc, from Latin dux, duc-, leader, from dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots. N., sense 4, short for Duke of Yorks, rhyming slang for forks, fingers. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“It is permitted to touch upon the habits and appearance of a truly great man; but to dwell upon the peculiarities of a duke, merely because he is a duke, is as much as to say he is your superior; a concession, I do not feel disposed to make in favour of any _mere duke_ in Christendom.”
“IV. iii.163 (113,4) [if the old fantastical duke] Sir Thomas Hammer reads, _the_ odd _fantastical duke_, but _old_ is a common word of aggravation in ludicrous language, as, _there was_ old _revelling_.”
“Any leader was a ‘duke’ (dux); thus “_duke_ Hannibal” (Sir”
“I am VERY dissapointed that they changed the voice for duke from the one used in duke nukem 3d … That game was so very fun – and lame – because of that voice.”
“Royal watchers called the bestowal of the title duke of Cambridge a personal mark of esteem from the queen.”
“Let him and McCain duke it out to see who can out conservative the other.”
“Fred ♪ ♫ ♪ says: the thing that makes me laugh at racists like duke is that the white race in America in very nearly a minority.”
“Mr. Duke, anyone see the irony in duke linking to the debt clock?”
“LOL whats with the trolls and octomom today. thinking duke is server etc …”
“Oh this is gonna be fun watching Pawlenty and Palin duke it out!”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘duke’.
words for fighting
( open list, randomness )
US Congress/Senate + Westminster + European Parliament usage
Protagonists and relevant words in the Book of Creation (Source: King James Bible)
Words that have been used as baby names, including virtue names, nature names, place names, etc.
The title is an actual name given to a Puritan boy in the 17th century.
Another news story about words being removed from a dictionary before their time. See also the list of words added to the dictionary.
A list of all known Heroic Classes available to players of the game Sburb within the Homestuck universe, as well as any other words I can think of which would theoretically adhere to the known guid...
Boston: Re-Printed and Sold at J. Draper's Printing-Office in Newbury-Street. (Price Sixteen Pence single.)
See the companion list, A LIST of the Men of War the French have left," 174...
honorifics. might park some formal titles here too until there are enough to spawn another list.
To keep handy when I want to alliterate as in "sultan of swing". To avoid repetition, where there are gender-oriented variants of the same weird, use the masculine (because I'm sexist).
words related to the peerage; not limited to titles.
Looking for tweets for duke.