American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Something that serves as tangible proof or evidence: The spacious plan of the city is a testament to the foresight of its founders.
- n. A statement of belief; a credo: my political testament.
- n. Law A written document providing for the disposition of a person's property after death; a will.
- n. Bible Either of the two main divisions of the Bible.
- n. Archaic A covenant between humans and God.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In law, a will; a disposition of property or rights, to take effect at death. Originally
will, in English law, signified such a disposition of real property, testament such a disposition of personal property. Will now includes both, and testament is rarely used in modern law, except in the now tautological phrase last will and testament.
- n. A disposition of the rights of two parties, defining their mutual relation, and the rights conceded by one to the other; a covenant, especially between God and his people.
- n. Hence A dispensation: used especially of the Mosaic or old dispensation and of the Christian or new.
- n. [capitalized] A collection of books containing the history and doctrines of each of these dispensations, and known severally as the Old Testament and the New Testament. The word testament in the authorized version of the Bible always represents the Greek word
διαθήκη(elsewhere rendered ‘covenant’), which in early Christian Latin and regularly in the Vulgate is rendered ‘testamentum,’ perhaps from its use in Heb. ix. 15–20. In this passage the idea of a covenant as involving in ancient times a sacrifice with shedding of blood is blended with that of a last will made operative by the death of the testator. In Mat. xxvi. 28 and parallel passages the phrase “blood of the new testament” is connected with the cup in the Lord's Supper. In 2 Cor. iii. 14 the expression “reading of the old testament” shows the transition of meaning to our application of the title Old Testament to the Hebrew Scriptures. (Compare 1 Mac. i. 57.) When used alone the word commonly means a copy of the New Testament: as, a gift of Bibles and Testaments.
- n. law A solemn, authentic instrument in writing, by which a person declares his or her will as to disposal of his or her inheritance (estate and effects) after his or her death, benefiting specified heir(s).
- n. One of the two parts to the scriptures of the Christian religion: the New Testament, considered by Christians to be a continuation of the Hebrew scriptures, and the Hebrew scriptures themselves, which they refer to as the Old Testament.
- n. A tangible proof or tribute.
- n. A credo, expression of conviction
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Law) A solemn, authentic instrument in writing, by which a person declares his will as to disposal of his estate and effects after his death.
- n. One of the two distinct revelations of God's purposes toward man; a covenant; also, one of the two general divisions of the canonical books of the sacred Scriptures, in which the covenants are respectively revealed
- n. strong evidence for something
- n. either of the two main parts of the Christian Bible
- n. a legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die
- n. a profession of belief
- From Middle English, from Old French, from Latin testamentum ("the publication of a will, a will, testament, in Late Latin one of the divisions of the Bible"), from testari ("to be a witness, testify, attest, make a will"), from testis ("one who attests, a witness"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, a will, from Latin testāmentum, from testārī, to make a will, from testis, witness. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Hence, besides, it is doing no service to the interpretation of the Scriptures, to attempt to shew that in the passage of the Epistle to the Hebrews,  where the covenant is represented as a testament, either that the term διαθηχη there, must have only the meaning _testament_, or that it must be rendered _covenant_ exclusively throughout.”
“The term testament is derived from two words which mean a signifying of intention.”
“They found paperback books with his wife's name on them, the Utah map and what they referred to as a "testament.”
“Compare Ex 24: 8 (covenant), which Christ quotes, though it is probable He included in a sense "testament" also under the Greek word diathece (comprehending both meanings, "covenant" and "testament"), as this designation strictly and properly applies to the new dispensation, and is rightly applicable to the old also, not in itself, but when viewed as typifying the new, which is properly a testament.”
“This profoundly gripping, hopeful and crucial testament is a work of the utmost skill, sympathy and moral clarity.”
“I can confirm that yes the old testament is extremely dirty.”
“Benjamin's greatest testament is the massive sheaf of materials known as The Arcades Project, started in 1927 and left unfinished at his death in 1940.”
“The new testament is where you get Christianity and the churh from.”
“New testament is a snap, old requires some searching.”
“As far as the Bible, the old testament is no more, if you are going to quote and/or go by Christ, please “stay on course”; you are either Jewish and believe in the Old Testament, or are Christian and believe in the New Testament, ok?”
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