American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A pale to deep red or reddish-brown variety of clear chalcedony, used in jewelry.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A siliceous stone, a variety of chalcedony, of a deep-red, flesh-red, or reddish-white color. It is tolerably hard, capable of a good polish, and is used for seals, etc. The finest specimens come from Cambay (hence also called
Cambay stones) and Surat, in India, where they are found as nodules of a blackish-olive color, in peculiar strata, 30 feet below the surface. The nodules, after two years' exposure to the sun, are boiled for two days, and thereby acquire the beautiful colors for which they are prized.
- n. The beautiful red or reddish color of this stone. The distinctive colors of Cornell University are cornelian and white.
- n. mineralogy A hard, reddish brown chalcedony; used in jewelery,
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Min.) A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable of a good polish, and often used for seals.
- n. a translucent red or orange variety of chalcedony
- The red form was called carneolus in the Middle Ages, from Latin carneus "fleshy" after the color. (Wiktionary)
- Middle English corneline, from Old French, from cornel, cornel, from Latin cornus. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The orange stone is sometimes referred to as carnelian agate as, held up to the light, it exhibits the parallel banding typical of agates.”
“The carnelian is a siliceous stone and a species of chalcedony.”
“The gold of the ring is massive at the face, making a strong setting for the carnelian, which is engraved with the figure of a female bearing corn and fruit.”
“Nubia also prospered from the export of gold, copper, and semiprecious stones such as carnelian, jasper, and amethyst, which it possessed in great quantity.”
“Agates of the finest types, such as carnelian and sard, come principally from Brazil and from India.”
“The people speak of an Akík ( "carnelian") which, rubbed down in vinegar, enters into the composition of a favourite philtre -- we could not, however, find any for sale.”
“The Sacral chakra, on top of the pelvis, matches the color orange, as in crystals such as carnelian, sunstone or calcite.”
“Though the Egyptians possessed gold and silver in abundance, their use of rubies, emeralds, diamonds, etc., was extremely limited; they used colorful stones like carnelian and turquoise instead.”
“Ranging from scarlet to carnelian to a kind of raspberry-magenta blend, they would have induced psychosis in any self-respecting interior designer.”
“I'll find myself going through my stash of an evening, pulling some of these here, and those over there, and don't I have some small carnelian donuts, and and and... 6 hours later, there's this thing done with stone and glass and wire and I had no idea when I started it, what it was going to be.”
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