American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A brownish-black solid or semisolid mixture of bitumens obtained from native deposits or as a petroleum byproduct, used in paving, roofing, and waterproofing.
- n. Mixed asphalt and crushed stone gravel or sand, used for paving or roofing.
- v. To pave or coat with asphalt.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Same as asphaltum.
- n. A bituminous material, employed for the covering of roofs and arches, for the lining of tanks, for pavement and flooring, and as a cement. See asphaltum. In the United States the substance so named is commonly made of refuse tar from gas-houses, mixed with slaked lime and gravel. Also called
- n. A thick solution of the finest asphaltum in spirits of turpentine, used by opticians. It is used for making cells on pieces of glass, in which objects may be preserved in liquid, for examination with the microscope.
- To cover or treat with asphalt.
- n. A sticky, black and highly viscous liquid or semi-solid, composed almost entirely of bitumen, that is present in most crude petroleums and in some natural deposits.
- n. An abbreviation for asphalt concrete, a hard ground covering used for roads and walkways.
- v. To pave with asphalt.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. Mineral pitch, Jews' pitch, or compact native bitumen. It is brittle, of a black or brown color and high luster on a surface of fracture; it melts and burns when heated, leaving no residue. It occurs on the surface and shores of the Dead Sea, which is therefore called
Asphaltites, or the Asphaltic Lake. It is found also in many parts of Asia, Europe, and America. See bitumen.
- n. A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc.
- v. To cover with asphalt
- n. mixed asphalt and crushed gravel or sand; used especially for paving but also for roofing
- n. a dark bituminous substance found in natural beds and as residue from petroleum distillation; consists mainly of hydrocarbons
- v. cover with tar or asphalt
- From Late Latin asphaltum, from Ancient Greek ἄσφαλτος (ásphaltos, "asphalt, bitumen"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English aspalt, from Medieval Latin asphaltus, from Greek asphaltos. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“But it should also be said that they share the diversity of character of petroleums, and the term asphalt represents a group of substances of which the physical characters and chemical composition differ greatly in virtue of their derivation, and also differ from changes which they are constantly undergoing.”
“AS I write this, beneath my window, with a great clattering of hoofs on the asphalt, is passing a long column of mountain batteries, all carried on the backs of our big Government mules.”
“Craig – That the black Civic is buried to the axles in asphalt? cmholm Says:”
“The St. Louis Post-Dispatch reported that Innoventor perfected the process of converting the animal waste into a bio-oil used in asphalt binder.”
“First of all, those little air pockets mean less material overall, and with the cost of oil as unstable as the resource itself, petroleum-based asphalt is no longer the cheapest form of paving.”
“A lot bigger chunk of the earth is covered in asphalt than in mining works.”
““Whew!” gasped a worker with Pace Construction Co., the St. Louis County road contractor that joined forces with Innoventor, the Earth City-based engineering and design firm that perfected the process of converting the animal waste into a bio-oil used in asphalt binder.”
“Highway asphalt is streaked in red, and there's a steady exodus of mud-laden trucks heading away from Kolontar.”
“The way we change concrete and asphalt is to start counting people.”
“Department spokesman Brian Steele said the city has a lot of questions about KFC's program, like what type of asphalt is used.”
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