Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A brilliant green to grass-green transparent variety of beryl, used as a gemstone.
  • n. A strong yellowish green.
  • adj. Of a strong yellowish green.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Of a rich green colour.
  • n. Any of various green gemstones, especially a green transparent form of beryl, highly valued as a precious stone.
  • n. emerald green

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Of a rich green color, like that of the emerald.
  • n. A precious stone of a rich green color, a variety of beryl. See beryl.
  • n. A kind of type, in size between minion and nonpare�l. It is used by English printers.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A variety of the mineral beryl, having a deep, clear green color, and when transparent highly prized as a gem.
  • n. The name in Great Britain of a size of printing-type, intermediate between minion (which is larger) and nonpareil (which is smaller), and measuring 138 lines to the foot. It is not used in the United States.
  • n. In entomology, one of several small green geometrid moths, as the grass emerald, Pseudoterpna pruinata, and the Essex emerald, Phorodesma smaragdaria.
  • Of a bright green, like emerald.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a green transparent form of beryl; highly valued as a gemstone
  • n. the green color of an emerald
  • n. a transparent piece of emerald that has been cut and polished and is valued as a precious gem

Etymologies

Middle English emeraude, from Old French, from Medieval Latin esmeralda, esmeraldus, from Latin smaragdus, from Greek smaragdos.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English emeraude, from Old French esmeraude, from Vulgar Latin *esmaralda, *esmaraldus, variant of Latin smaragdus,, from Ancient Greek σμάραγδος, μάραγδος (maragdos), from Semitic root b-r-q “to shoot lightning, to flash in darkness”, compare Hebrew בָּרֶקֶת (bareket) “emerald, flashing gem”, Akkadian barruktu, Arabic buraq “lightning”. Sanskrit मरकत (marakata) from a Semitic language. Persian زمرد (zomorrod) (whence Turkish zümrüt, whence Russian изумруд (izumrud) from Ancient Greek σμάραγδος (smaragdos). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • According to Theophrastus, the stone which he calls emerald, and from which large obelists were cut, must have been an imperfect jasper.

    COSMOS: A Sketch of the Physical Description of the Universe, Vol. 1

  • Considering the particular emerald which is a variety of beryl -- although the name emerald in the trade is applied somewhat loosely to any stone which is of the same colour, or approaching the colour of the beryl variety -- this emerald only differs chemically from the beryl, just described, in possessing an addition of oxide of chromium.

    The Chemistry, Properties and Tests of Precious Stones

  • The ownership of a gigantic emerald is disputed, and soon the current Lord Attenbury comes to ask for help in proving that it belongs to his family.

    Laura Wilson's crime fiction choice - review

  • The word itself conjures up images of dusty farm boots and tractors, piles of lush vegetables and happy, grass-fed animals frolicking in emerald green valleys.

    Elissa Altman: The Real L Word

  • Christina opted for florals (and showed off a pair of dark-rimmed glasses), Elisabeth donned an embellished, champagne-colored frock and Cara stood out in emerald green and a statement necklace.

    Christina Hendricks, Elisabeth Moss & Cara Buono Step Out To 'Mad Men' Finale In Style (PHOTOS, POLL)

  • White, cream and sand dominated, and there were still pieces of almost monastic simplicity? lots of boat necklines and tunic shapes, and a long-sleeve navy jumpsuit with no visible seams or fastenings, for instance? but wide pyjama silk trousers were emblazoned with tuxedo stripes in emerald and cobalt, while a burgundy leather T-shirt was worn with electric blue trousers (left).

    Paris fashion week declares slender, young models out of style

  • The name emerald describes the colour of the stone.

    On Thursday, the Legg report will be published along with...

  • But here in Northern California, winters are chilly, not cold, and so this is the season when things come alive: the moss on the trunks of the oak trees goes emerald from the rain, the grass begins to grow like a mist over the hills, and the naked ladies poke their green up along the banks of roads.

    Archive 2007-12-01

  • And, as before, Joseph took his portion from them both, an emerald from the one and the setting from the other, and so he had a fine ring.

    The Breakfast of the Birds, and Other Stories

  • Every day he went and looked at it, sighing over the thought for his lost pepper, until one morning, lo and behold! the egg had disappeared, and it its place sat the loveliest little maiden, dressed from head to foot in emerald-green, while round her neck hung a single emerald of great size, shaped just like the green pepper.

    Tales of the Punjab

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  • See mangold for verbing.

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  • The H.M.S. Emerald was listed as a "transport" captured at Yorktown in 1781.

    October 29, 2007