Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Grammar A grammatical category used in the classification of nouns, pronouns, adjectives, and, in some languages, verbs that may be arbitrary or based on characteristics such as sex or animacy and that determines agreement with or selection of modifiers, referents, or grammatical forms.
  • n. Grammar One category of such a set.
  • n. Grammar The classification of a word or grammatical form in such a category.
  • n. Grammar The distinguishing form or forms used.
  • n. Sexual identity, especially in relation to society or culture.
  • n. The condition of being female or male; sex.
  • n. Females or males considered as a group: expressions used by one gender.
  • transitive v. To engender.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A division of nouns and pronouns (and sometimes of other parts of speech), such as masculine, feminine, neuter or common.
  • n. The biological sex of an individual (usually male or female).
  • n. The mental analogue of sex: one's maleness (masculinity) or femaleness (femininity). (Also called gender identity.)
  • n. The socio-cultural phenomenon of the division of people into various categories such as "male" and "female", with each having associated clothing, roles, stereotypes, etc.
  • n. A division between classes or kinds.
  • v. To assign (someone else) a gender; to perceive (someone else) as having a gender.
  • v. To engender.
  • v. To breed.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Kind; sort.
  • n. Sex, male or female.
  • n. A classification of nouns, primarily according to sex; and secondarily according to some fancied or imputed quality associated with sex.
  • intransitive v. To copulate; to breed.
  • transitive v. To beget; to engender.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To beget; procreate; generate; engender.
  • Hence To give rise to; bring out or forth.
  • To copulate; breed.
  • n. Kind; sort; class; genus.
  • n. Sex, male or female.
  • n. In grammar, a formal distinction in words, apparently founded on and in part expressing differences of sexual character, as male and female, or as male, female, or of neither sex (neuter).
  • n. A Javanese musical instrument of the xylophone class.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a grammatical category in inflected languages governing the agreement between nouns and pronouns and adjectives; in some languages it is quite arbitrary but in Indo-European languages it is usually based on sex or animateness
  • n. the properties that distinguish organisms on the basis of their reproductive roles

Etymologies

Middle English gendre, from Old French, kind, gender, from Latin genus, gener-.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, from Middle French gendre/genre, from Latin genus ("kind, sort"). The verb developed after the noun. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English gendren, genderen, from Middle French gendrer, from Latin generāre. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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