Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun Destruction or a loss in value, usefulness, or ability resulting from an action or event.
  • noun Law Money required to be paid as compensation for an injury or wrong.
  • noun Informal Cost; price.
  • intransitive verb To cause damage to.
  • intransitive verb To suffer or be susceptible to damage.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun Harm; mischance; injury in general.
  • noun Hurt or loss to person, character, or estate; injury to a person or thing by violence or wrongful treatment, or by adverse natural forces; deterioration of value or reputation.
  • noun plural In law, the value in money of what is lost or withheld; the estimated money equivalent for detriment or injury sustained; that which is given or adjudged to repair a loss.
  • noun Cost; expense.
  • noun Synonyms Detriment, Harm, etc. (See injury.) Waste, etc. See loss.
  • To cause damage to; hurt; harm; injure; lessen the value or injure the interests or reputation of.
  • To receive damage or injury; be injured or impaired in soundness or value: as, a freshly cut crop will damage in a mow or stack.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • intransitive verb To receive damage or harm; to be injured or impaired in soundness or value.
  • transitive verb To occasion damage to the soundness, goodness, or value of; to hurt; to injure; to impair.
  • noun Injury or harm to person, property, or reputation; an inflicted loss of value; detriment; hurt; mischief.
  • noun (Law) The estimated reparation in money for detriment or injury sustained; a compensation, recompense, or satisfaction to one party, for a wrong or injury actually done to him by another.
  • noun See under Consequential.
  • noun (Law) damages imposed by way of example to others. Similar in purpose to vindictive damages, below.
  • noun (Law) those given for a violation of a right where no actual loss has accrued.
  • noun those given specially for the punishment of the wrongdoer.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun The abstract measure of something not being intact; harm.
  • noun slang Cost or expense.
  • verb To make something less intact or even destroy it; to harm or cause destruction.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun any harm or injury resulting from a violation of a legal right
  • noun loss of military equipment
  • noun the occurrence of a change for the worse
  • noun the act of damaging something or someone
  • verb suffer or be susceptible to damage
  • noun the amount of money needed to purchase something
  • verb inflict damage upon

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English, from Old French : dam, loss (from Latin damnum) + -age, -age.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old French damage (Modern French dommage), from Vulgar Latin *damnaticum from Classical Latin damnum.

Examples

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