Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The possibility of suffering harm or loss; danger.
  • noun A factor, thing, element, or course involving uncertain danger; a hazard.
  • noun The danger or probability of loss to an insurer.
  • noun The amount that an insurance company stands to lose.
  • noun The variability of returns from an investment.
  • noun The chance of nonpayment of a debt.
  • noun One considered with respect to the possibility of loss.
  • transitive verb To expose to a chance of loss or damage; hazard. synonym: endanger.
  • transitive verb To incur the risk of.
  • idiom (at risk) In an endangered state, especially from lack of proper care.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To hazard; expose to the chance of injury or loss.
  • To venture upon; take the chances of: as, to risk a surgical operation.
  • Synonyms To peril, jeopard, stake. See risk, n.
  • noun Same as reesk and risp.
  • noun Hazard; danger; peril; exposure to mischance or harm; venture: as, at the risk of one's life; at the risk of contagion. Common in the phrase to run a (the) risk, to incur hazard; take the chance of failure or disaster.
  • noun In com.: The hazard of loss of ship, goods, or other property.
  • noun The degree of hazard or danger upon which the premiums of insurance are calculated.
  • noun Hence, by extension, insurance obligation: as, our company has no risks in that city.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • transitive verb To expose to risk, hazard, or peril; to venture.
  • transitive verb To incur the risk or danger of.
  • noun Hazard; danger; peril; exposure to loss, injury, or destruction.
  • noun (Com.) Hazard of loss; liabillity to loss in property.
  • noun to incur hazard; to encounter danger.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A possible, usually negative, outcome, e.g., a danger.
  • noun The likelihood of a negative outcome.
  • noun engineering, etc. The potential (conventionally negative) impact of an event, determined by combining the likelihood of the event occurring with the impact should it occur.
  • verb transitive To incur risk (to something).
  • verb transitive To incur risk (of something).
  • verb transitive To incur risk (by something).

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • verb take a risk in the hope of a favorable outcome
  • noun a venture undertaken without regard to possible loss or injury
  • noun the probability of becoming infected given that exposure to an infectious agent has occurred
  • verb expose to a chance of loss or damage
  • noun the probability of being exposed to an infectious agent
  • noun a source of danger; a possibility of incurring loss or misfortune

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[French risque, from Italian risco, rischio, probably from Medieval Greek rizikon, sustenance obtained by a soldier through his own initiative, fortune, from Arabic rizq, sustenance, that which God allots, from Syriac ruziqā, daily bread, from Middle Iranian rōčig, from rōč, day, from Old Iranian *raučah-; see leuk- in Indo-European roots.]

Examples

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