Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To place in a specified location; set: She put the books on the table.
  • transitive v. To cause to be in a specified condition: His gracious manners put me at ease.
  • transitive v. To cause (one) to undergo something; subject: The interrogators put the prisoner to torture.
  • transitive v. To assign; attribute: They put a false interpretation on events.
  • transitive v. To estimate: We put the time at five o'clock.
  • transitive v. To impose or levy: The governor has put a tax on cigarettes.
  • transitive v. Games To wager (a stake); bet: put $50 on a horse.
  • transitive v. Sports To hurl with an overhand pushing motion: put the shot.
  • transitive v. To bring up for consideration or judgment: put a question to the judge.
  • transitive v. To express; state: I put my objections bluntly.
  • transitive v. To render in a specified language or literary form: put prose into verse.
  • transitive v. To adapt: The lyrics had been put to music.
  • transitive v. To urge or force to an action: a mob that put the thief to flight.
  • transitive v. To apply: We must put our minds to it.
  • transitive v. To force the purchase of (a stock or commodity) by exercising a put option.
  • intransitive v. To begin to move, especially in a hurry.
  • intransitive v. Nautical To proceed: The ship put into the harbor.
  • n. Sports An act of putting the shot.
  • n. An option to sell a stipulated amount of stock or securities within a specified time and at a fixed price.
  • adj. Informal Fixed; stationary: stay put.
  • put about Nautical To change or cause to change direction; go or cause to go from one tack to another.
  • put across To state so as to be understood clearly or accepted readily: put her views across during the hearing.
  • put across To attain or carry through by deceit or trickery.
  • put away To renounce; discard: put all negative thoughts away.
  • put away Informal To consume (food or drink) readily and quickly: put away the dinner in just a few minutes.
  • put away Informal To confine to a mental health facility.
  • put away Informal To kill: The injured cat was put away.
  • put away To bury.
  • put by To save for later use: "Some crops were so abundant they could even be put by” ( Carole Lalli).
  • put down To write down.
  • put down To enter in a list.
  • put down To bring to an end; repress: put down a rebellion.
  • put down To render ineffective: put down rumors.
  • put down To subject (an animal) to euthanasia.
  • put down To criticize: put me down for failing the course.
  • put down To belittle; disparage: put down their knowledge of literature.
  • put down To humiliate: "Many status games seem designed to put down others” ( Alvin F. Poussaint).
  • put down To assign to a category: Just put him down as a sneak.
  • put down To attribute: Let's put this disaster down to inexperience.
  • put down To consume (food or drink) readily; put away: puts down three big meals a day.
  • put forth To grow: Plants put forth new growth in the spring.
  • put forth To bring to bear; exert: At least put forth a semblance of effort when you scrub the floor.
  • put forth To offer for consideration: put forth an idea.
  • put forward To propose for consideration: put forward a new plan.
  • put in To make a formal offer of: put in a plea of guilty.
  • put in To introduce, as in conversation; interpose: He put in a good word for me.
  • put in To spend (time) at a location or job: I put in eight hours at the office.
  • put in To plant: We put in 20 rows of pine trees.
  • put in To apply: put in for early retirement.
  • put in Nautical To enter a port or harbor: The freighter puts in at noon.
  • put off To delay; postpone: put off paying the bills.
  • put off To persuade to delay further action: managed to put off the creditors for another week.
  • put off To take off; discard: put off a sweater.
  • put off To repel or repulse, as from bad manners: His indifferent attitude has put us off.
  • put off To pass (money) or sell (merchandise) fraudulently.
  • put on To clothe oneself with; don: put on a coat; put socks on.
  • put on To apply; activate: put on the brakes.
  • put on To assume affectedly: put on an English accent.
  • put on Slang To tease or mislead (another): You're putting me on!
  • put on To add: put on weight.
  • put on To produce; perform: put on a variety show.
  • put out To extinguish: put out a fire.
  • put out Nautical To leave, as a port or harbor; depart.
  • put out To expel: put out a drunk.
  • put out To publish: put out a weekly newsletter.
  • put out To inconvenience: Did our early arrival put you out?
  • put out To offend or irritate: I was put out by his attention to the television set.
  • put out To make an effort.
  • put out Baseball To retire a runner.
  • put out Vulgar Slang To be sexually active. Used of a woman.
  • put over To postpone; delay.
  • put over To put across, especially to deceive: tried to put a lie over, but to no avail.
  • put through To bring to a successful end: put the project through on time; put through a number of new laws.
  • put through To cause to undergo: He put me through a lot of trouble.
  • put through To make a telephone connection for: The operator put me through on the office line.
  • put through To obtain a connection for (a telephone call).
  • put to Nautical To head for shore.
  • put together To construct; create: put together a new bookcase; put together a tax package.
  • put up To erect; build.
  • put up To preserve; can: put up six jars of jam.
  • put up To nominate: put up a candidate at a convention.
  • put up To provide (funds) in advance: put up money for the new musical.
  • put up To provide lodgings for: put a friend up for the night.
  • put up Sports To startle (game animals) from cover: put up grouse.
  • put up To offer for sale: put up his antiques.
  • put up To make a display or the appearance of: put up a bluff.
  • put up To engage in; carry on: put up a good fight.
  • put upon To impose on; overburden: He was always being put upon by his friends.
  • idiom an end To bring to an end; terminate.
  • idiom put down roots To establish a permanent residence in a locale.
  • idiom put in an appearance To attend a social engagement, especially for a short time.
  • idiom put it to (someone) Slang To overburden with tasks or work.
  • idiom put it to (someone) Slang To put blame on.
  • idiom put it to (someone) Slang To take unfair advantage of.
  • idiom put it to (someone) Slang To lay out the facts of a situation to (another) in a forceful candid manner.
  • idiom put it to (someone) Slang To defeat soundly; trounce.
  • idiom put (one) in mind To remind: You put me in mind of your grandmother.
  • idiom put (oneself) out To make a considerable effort; go to trouble or expense.
  • idiom put (one's) finger on To identify: I can't put my finger on the person in that photograph.
  • idiom put (one's) foot down To take a firm stand.
  • idiom put (one's) foot in (one's) mouth To make a tactless remark.
  • idiom put paid to Chiefly British To finish off; put to rest: "We've given up saying we only kill to eat; Kraft dinner and freeze-dried food have put paid to that one” ( Margaret Atwood).
  • idiom put (someone) in (someone's) place To lower the dignity of (someone); humble.
  • idiom put (someone) through (someone's) paces To cause to demonstrate ability or skill; test: The drama coach put her students through their paces before the first performance.
  • idiom put (someone) up to To cause to commit a funny, mischievous, or malicious act: My older brother put me up to making a prank telephone call.
  • idiom put something over on: To deceive, cheat, or trick.
  • idiom arm Slang To ask another for money.
  • idiom put the finger on Slang To inform on: The witness put the finger on the killer.
  • idiom make Slang To make sexual advances to.
  • idiom to Slang To pressure (another) in an extreme manner.
  • idiom put the skids on Slang To bring to a halt: "Sacrificing free speech to put the skids on prurient printed matter is not the correct path, the courts said” ( Curtis J. Sitomer).
  • idiom put to bed Informal To make final preparations for the printing of (a newspaper, for example).
  • idiom put to bed Informal To make final preparations for completing (a project).
  • idiom put to it To cause extreme difficulty for: We were put to it to finish the book on time.
  • idiom put to sleep To make weary; bore.
  • idiom put to sleep To subject to euthanasia.
  • idiom put to sleep To subject to general anesthesia.
  • idiom put two and two together To draw the proper conclusions from existing evidence or indications.
  • idiom put up or shut up Slang To have to endure (something unpleasant) without complaining or take the action necessary to remove the source of the unpleasantry.
  • idiom put up with To endure without complaint: We had to put up with the inconvenience.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To place something somewhere
  • v. To bring or set into a certain relation, state or condition
  • v. To exercise a put option
  • v. To express something in a certain manner
  • v. To throw a heavy iron ball as a sport. See shot put.
  • n. A right to sell something at a predetermined price.
  • n. A contract to sell a security at a set price on or before a certain date.
  • n. An idiot; a foolish person.
  • n. A prostitute.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A pit.
  • 3d pers. sing. pres. of put, contracted from putteth.
  • n. A rustic; a clown; an awkward or uncouth person.
  • transitive v. To move in any direction; to impel; to thrust; to push; -- nearly obsolete, except with adverbs, as with by (to put by = to thrust aside; to divert); or with forth (to put forth = to thrust out).
  • transitive v. To bring to a position or place; to place; to lay; to set; figuratively, to cause to be or exist in a specified relation, condition, or the like; to bring to a stated mental or moral condition
  • transitive v. To attach or attribute; to assign.
  • transitive v. To lay down; to give up; to surrender.
  • transitive v. To set before one for judgment, acceptance, or rejection; to bring to the attention; to offer; to state; to express; figuratively, to assume; to suppose; -- formerly sometimes followed by that introducing a proposition
  • transitive v. To incite; to entice; to urge; to constrain; to oblige.
  • transitive v. To throw or cast with a pushing motion “overhand,” the hand being raised from the shoulder; a practice in athletics.
  • transitive v. To convey coal in the mine, as from the working to the tramway.
  • intransitive v. To go or move.
  • intransitive v. To steer; to direct one's course; to go.
  • intransitive v. To play a card or a hand in the game called put.
  • n. The act of putting; an action; a movement; a thrust; a push.
  • n. A certain game at cards.
  • n. A privilege which one party buys of another to “put” (deliver) to him a certain amount of stock, grain, etc., at a certain price and date.
  • n. A prostitute.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To push; thrust: literally or figuratively.
  • To cast; throw; particularly, to throw with an upward and forward motion of the arm: as, to put the stone; to put the shot. Compare putt.
  • To drive; impel; force, either literally or figuratively; hence, to oblige; constrain; compel.
  • To place, set, lay, deposit, bring, or cause to be in any position, place, or situation.
  • To set in some particular way or course; instigate; urge; incite; entice.
  • To cause, or cause to be; bring or place in some specified state or condition: as, to put one in mind; to put to shame; to put to death; to put one out of pain; to put in motion; to put in order; to put to inconvenience.
  • To assign; set, as to a task or the doing of something: as, to put men to work.
  • To set or propose for consideration, deliberation, judgment, reply, acceptance, or rejection; propound; propose; offer; state as a hypothesis or proposition: as, to put a case (see phrases below); to put a question; to put it to one to say.
  • To state; express; phrase.
  • To render; do; turn; translate.
  • To posit; affirm.
  • To apply; use.
  • To lay down; give up; surrender.
  • To put to inconvenience, trouble, annoyance, bewilderment, or embarrassment: as, he was much put about by that occurrence.
  • To publish; declare; circulate.
  • To renounce; discard.
  • To divorce.
  • To dispose of.
  • To restore to the original place.
  • To set, as the hands of a clock, to an earlier time.
  • To refuse; say nay to.
  • To set or thrust aside.
  • To place in safe keeping; save or store up: as, “to put by something for a rainy day.”
  • To degrade; deprive of authority, power, or place.
  • To defeat; put to rout; overcome; excel.
  • To bring into disuse.
  • To confute; silence.
  • To write, as in a subscription-list or in a program: as, to put one's name down for a handsome sum; to put one down for a toast or a speech.
  • To give up; do without.
  • To shoot out; send forth or out, as a sprout.
  • To exert; bring into action.
  • To propose; offer.
  • To issue; publish.
  • To introduce among others; interpose.
  • To insert: as, to put in a passage or clause; to put in a scion.
  • To appoint to an office.
  • To palm off; pass fraudulently; foist.
  • To dispose of, as by barter or sale; sell.
  • To take off or lay aside; doff.
  • To dismiss; discard.
  • To defer; postpone; delay: as, to put off something to a more convenient season; to put off one's departure for a week.
  • To defeat or baffle, as by delay, artifice, plausible excuse, etc.
  • Hence— To assume; assume the garb or appearance of; show externally; exhibit: as, to put on a solemn countenance, or a show of interest; to put on airs.
  • To turn or let on; turn or bring into action: as, to put on more steam.
  • To forward; promote.
  • To instigate; incite.
  • To deceive; impose upon; cheat; trick: as, I will not be put upon.
  • [On, prep.] To impose upon; inflict upon.
  • To lay on; impute to: as, to put the blame on somebody else.
  • To impel to; instigate to; incite to.
  • To ascribe to.
  • To foist upon; palm off on.
  • In law, to rest on: rest one's case in; submit to: as, the defendant puts himself upon the country (that is, he pleads not guilty, and will go to trial).

Etymologies

Middle English putten, back-formation from Old English *pūtte, past tense of pȳtan, to put out.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English putten, puten, poten, from Old English *putian, *pūtian ("to push, put out"; attested by derivative putung ("pushing, impulse, instigation, urging")) and potian ("to push, thrust, strike, butt, goad"), both from Proto-Germanic *putōnan (“to stick, stab”), from Proto-Indo-European *bud- (“to shoot, sprout”). Compare also related Old English pȳtan ("to push, poke, thrust, put out (the eyes)"). Cognate with Dutch poten ("to set, plant"), Danish putte ("to put"), Swedish putta, pötta, potta ("to strike, knock, push gently, shove, put away"), Norwegian putte ("to set, put"), Norwegian pota ("to poke"), Icelandic pota ("to poke"), Dutch peuteren ("to pick, poke around, dig, fiddle with"), Sanskrit  (bunda, "arrow"). (Wiktionary)
Origin unknown. (Wiktionary)
Old French pute. (Wiktionary)

Examples

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