from The Century Dictionary.
- noun In anatomy, the head; the head or upper extremity of some part of the body.
- noun An abbreviation of the phrase caput senatus (literally, head of the senate), a council or ruling body in the University of Cambridge, England.
- noun In Roman law, the standing before the law, or the personal status, of a citizen.
- noun A fanciful term used by the old chemists to denote the residuum of chemicals when all their volatile matters had escaped; specifically, oxid of iron, which is the residue left when sulphate of iron is distilled at a red heat. Hence— Anything from which all that rendered it valuable has been taken away.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Anat.) The head; also, a knoblike protuberance or capitulum.
- noun The top or superior part of a thing.
- noun (Eng.) The council or ruling body of the University of Cambridge prior to the constitution of 1856.
- noun (Old Chem.) The residuum after distillation or sublimation; hence, worthless residue.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun the upper part of the human body or the front part of the body in animals; contains the face and brains
- noun a headlike protuberance on an organ or structure
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In fact, the word capital comes from the Latin word caput, which means “head.”
In fact, the word "capital" in the context of punishment was coined to describe execution by decapitation, derived from the Latin word caput, which means "head."
I wonder if the technical singular “head” is related to Latin caput, as catel indirectly is, or is that just a weird coincidence?
The clue for reconstructing the original lines he found in the expression caput ecclesiæ, which he judged referred to St. Peter.
Christian spirit, are like salt that has lost its savour, like that which the chemists call the caput mortuum, that has all its salts drawn from it, that is the most useless worthless thing in the world; it has no manner of virtue or good property in it.
In #10, *kap-ut gives Latin 'caput' and Germanic *hauβuð German 'Haupt, Dutch 'hoofd', OE 'heafod' Modern English 'head'.
If the chair or other familiar object is broken, then it is still styled _putt_ (for "caput," gone to smash); and if the child has himself broken anything he scolds his own hand, and says _oi_ or
In the assessment or census, which was made by the Censors, the slaves were not numbered at all, being supposed to have no "caput," or "civil condition."
Clearly the Latin "caput" for head is the root of the word but my recollection is that the imagery comes from a head of cattle.
The last wipeout, which few remember was 91-92 when all the money center banks were essentially caput.