from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • intransitive v. To leap forward or upward; spring.
  • intransitive v. To progress by forward leaps or springs.
  • intransitive v. To bounce; rebound.
  • n. A leap; a jump.
  • n. A rebound; a bounce.
  • n. A boundary; a limit. Often used in the plural: Our joy knew no bounds. Your remarks exceed the bounds of reason.
  • n. The territory on, within, or near limiting lines: the bounds of the kingdom.
  • transitive v. To set a limit to; confine: a high wall that bounded the prison yard; lives that were bounded by poverty.
  • transitive v. To constitute the boundary or limit of: a city park that was bounded by busy streets.
  • transitive v. To identify the boundaries of; demarcate.
  • intransitive v. To border on another place, state, or country.
  • v. Past tense and past participle of bind.
  • adj. Confined by bonds; tied: bound and gagged hostages.
  • adj. Being under legal or moral obligation: bound by my promise.
  • adj. Equipped with a cover or binding: bound volumes.
  • adj. Predetermined; certain: We're bound to be late.
  • adj. Determined; resolved: She's bound to be mayor.
  • adj. Linguistics Being a form, especially a morpheme, that cannot stand as an independent word, such as a prefix or suffix.
  • adj. Constipated.
  • adj. Headed or intending to head in a specified direction: commuters bound for home; a south-bound train.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. Simple past tense and past participle of bind.
  • adj. Obliged (to).
  • adj. Very likely (to).
  • adj. That cannot stand alone as a free word.
  • adj. Constrained by a quantifier.
  • adj. ready, prepared.
  • adj. ready, able to start or go (to); moving in the direction (of).
  • n. A boundary, the border which one must cross in order to enter or leave a territory.
  • n. a value which is known to be greater or smaller than a given set of values
  • v. To surround a territory or other geographical entity.
  • v. To be the boundary of.
  • n. A sizeable jump, great leap.
  • v. To leap, move by jumping.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • imp. & p. p. of bind.
  • adj. Ready or intending to go; on the way toward; going; -- with to or for, or with an adverb of motion.
  • n. The external or limiting line, either real or imaginary, of any object or space; that which limits or restrains, or within which something is limited or restrained; limit; confine; extent; boundary.
  • n. A leap; an elastic spring; a jump.
  • n. Rebound.
  • n. Spring from one foot to the other.
  • intransitive v. To move with a sudden spring or leap, or with a succession of springs or leaps; as the beast bounded from his den; the herd bounded across the plain.
  • intransitive v. To rebound, as an elastic ball.
  • Restrained by a hand, rope, chain, fetters, or the like.
  • Inclosed in a binding or cover.
  • Under legal or moral restraint or obligation.
  • Constrained or compelled; destined; certain; -- followed by the infinitive.
  • Resolved.
  • Constipated; costive.
  • transitive v. To limit; to terminate; to fix the furthest point of extension of; -- said of natural or of moral objects; to lie along, or form, a boundary of; to inclose; to circumscribe; to restrain; to confine.
  • transitive v. To name the boundaries of.
  • transitive v. To make to bound or leap.
  • transitive v. To cause to rebound; to throw so that it will rebound.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To confine within fixed limits; restrain by limitation.
  • To serve as a limit to; constitute the extent of; restrain in amount, degree, etc.: as, to bound our wishes by our means.
  • To form or constitute the boundary of; serve as a bound or limit to: as, the Pacific ocean bounds the United States on the west.
  • To name the boundaries of: as, to bound the State of New York.
  • To leap; jump; spring; move by leaps.
  • To rebound, as an elastic ball.
  • To cause to leap.
  • To cause to rebound: as, to bound a ball.
  • Made fast by a band, tie, or bond; specifically, in fetters or chains; in the condition of a prisoner.
  • Hence Made fast by other than physical bonds.
  • Confined; restrained; restricted; held firmly.
  • Hence Obliged by moral, legal, or compellable ties; under obligation or compulsion.
  • Certain; sure.
  • Determined; resolved: as, he is bound to do it.
  • In entomology, attached by the posterior extremity to a perpendicular object, and supported in an upright position against it, by a silken thread passing across the thorax, as the chrysalides of certain Lepidoptera.
  • Constipated in the bowels; costive.
  • Pregnant: said of a woman.
  • Provided with binding or a cover: said of books, etc.: as, bound volumes can be obtained in exchange for separate parts; bound in leather.
  • Having all the affections centered in; entirely devoted to.
  • Prepared; ready; hence, going or intending to go; destined: with to or for: as, I am bound for London; the ship is bound for the Mediterranean.
  • To lead; go.
  • n. That which limits or circumscribes; an external or limiting line; hence, that which keeps in or restrains; limit; confine: as, the love of money knows no bounds.
  • n. plural The territory included within boundarylines; domain.
  • n. A limited portion or piece of land, enjoyed by the owner of it in respect of tin only, and by virtue of an ancient prescription or liberty for encouragement to the tinners.
  • n. A leap onward or upward; a jump; a rebound.
  • n. In ordnance, the path of a shot between two grazes: generally applied to the horizontal distance passed over by the shot between the points of impact.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a line determining the limits of an area
  • adj. confined in the bowels
  • v. place limits on (extent or access)
  • v. move forward by leaps and bounds
  • v. form the boundary of; be contiguous to
  • adj. held with another element, substance or material in chemical or physical union
  • adj. secured with a cover or binding; often used as a combining form
  • adj. bound by contract
  • adj. headed or intending to head in a certain direction; often used as a combining form as in `college-bound students'
  • n. the line or plane indicating the limit or extent of something
  • n. a light, self-propelled movement upwards or forwards
  • n. the greatest possible degree of something
  • v. spring back; spring away from an impact
  • adj. confined by bonds
  • adj. (usually followed by `to') governed by fate
  • adj. bound by an oath
  • adj. covered or wrapped with a bandage


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

French bondir, to bounce, from Old French, to resound, perhaps from Vulgar Latin *bombitīre, from Latin bombitāre, to hum, from bombus, a humming sound, from Greek bombos.
Middle English, from Old French bodne, bonde and Anglo-Norman bunde, both from Medieval Latin bodina, of Celtic origin.
Alteration of Middle English boun, ready, from Old Norse būinn, past participle of būa, to get ready; see bheuə- in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

See bind

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English bounde, from Old French bunne, from Medieval Latin bodina, earlier butina ("a bound, limit")

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From French bondir ("to leap, bound, originally make a loud resounding noise"); perhaps, from Late Latin bombitāre, present active infinitive of bombitō ("hum, buzz"), frequentive verb, from Latin bombus ("a humming or buzzing").

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Alteration of boun, with -d partly for euphonic effect and partly by association with Etymology 1, above.


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  • Contronymic in the sense: constrained vs. unconstrained.

    January 31, 2007