from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To take in as a part, element, or member.
  • transitive v. To contain as a secondary or subordinate element.
  • transitive v. To consider with or place into a group, class, or total: thanked the host for including us.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To bring into a group, class, set, or total as a (new) part or member.
  • v. To contain, as parts of a whole.
  • n. A piece of source code or other content that is dynamically retrieved for inclusion in another item.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • transitive v. To confine within; to hold; to contain; to shut up; to inclose
  • transitive v. To comprehend or comprise, as a genus the species, the whole a part, an argument or reason the inference; to contain; to embrace
  • transitive v. To conclude; to end; to terminate.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To confine within something; hold as in an inclosure; inclose; contain.
  • To comprise as a part, or as something incident or pertinent; comprehend; take in: as, the greater includes the less; this idea includes many particulars; the Roman empire included many nations.
  • To conclude; terminate.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. add as part of something else; put in as part of a set, group, or category
  • v. have as a part, be made up out of
  • v. consider as part of something
  • v. allow participation in or the right to be part of; permit to exercise the rights, functions, and responsibilities of


Middle English includen, from Latin inclūdere, to enclose : in-, in; see in-2 + claudere, to close.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
(1420) From Latin includere ("to shut in, enclose, insert"), from in- ("in") + claudere ("to shut"). (Wiktionary)



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