from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To put into (a container, for example) as much as can be held: fill a glass with milk.
  • transitive v. To supply or provide to the fullest extent: filled the mall with new stores.
  • transitive v. To build up the level of (low-lying land) with material such as earth or gravel.
  • transitive v. To stop or plug up (an opening, for example).
  • transitive v. To repair a cavity of (a tooth).
  • transitive v. To add a foreign substance to (cloth or wood, for example).
  • transitive v. To satiate, as with food and drink.
  • transitive v. To satisfy or meet; fulfill: fill the requirements. See Synonyms at satisfy.
  • transitive v. To complete (something) by insertion or addition: fill in the blanks.
  • transitive v. To supply with material, such as writing, an inscription, or an illustration: filled the blank spaces on the page with notes.
  • transitive v. To supply as required: fill a prescription; fill an order.
  • transitive v. To place a person in: fill a job vacancy.
  • transitive v. To possess and discharge the duties of; hold: fill a post.
  • transitive v. To occupy the whole of; pervade: Music filled the room.
  • transitive v. To spread throughout: Fear filled the city.
  • transitive v. To engage or occupy completely; make full: filled the child's mind with strange ideas; a story that filled our hearts with joy.
  • transitive v. To cover the surface of (an inexpensive metal) with a layer of precious metal, such as gold.
  • transitive v. Nautical To cause (a sail) to swell.
  • transitive v. Nautical To adjust (a yard) so that wind will cause a sail to swell.
  • intransitive v. To become full.
  • n. An amount needed to make full, complete, or satisfied: eat one's fill.
  • n. Material for filling a container, cavity, or passage.
  • n. A built-up piece of land; an embankment.
  • n. The material, such as earth or gravel, used for this.
  • fill in Informal To provide with information that is essential or newly acquired: I wasn't there—would you fill me in?
  • fill in To act as a substitute; stand in: an understudy who filled in at the last minute.
  • fill out To complete (a form, for example) by providing required information: carefully filled out the job application.
  • fill out To become or make more fleshy: He filled out after age 35.
  • idiom fill (someone's) shoes To assume someone's position or duties.
  • idiom fill the bill Informal To serve a particular purpose.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A sufficient or more than sufficient amount.
  • n. An amount that fills a container.
  • n. The filling of a container.
  • n. Inexpensive material used to occupy empty spaces, especially in construction.
  • n. Soil and/or human-created debris discovered within a cavity and exposed by excavation; fill soil.
  • v. To occupy fully, to take up all of.
  • v. To add contents to (a container, cavity, or the like) so that it is full.
  • v. To enter (something), making it full.
  • v. To become full of contents.
  • v. To become pervaded with something.
  • v. To satisfy or obey (an order, request, or requirement).
  • v. To install someone, or be installed, in (a position or office), eliminating a vacancy.
  • v. To treat (a tooth) by adding a dental filling to it.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of the thills or shafts of a carriage.
  • n. A full supply, as much as supplies want; as much as gives complete satisfaction.
  • n. That which fills; filling; filler; specif., an embankment, as in railroad construction, to fill a hollow or ravine; also, the place which is to be filled.
  • intransitive v. To become full; to have the whole capacity occupied; to have an abundant supply; to be satiated
  • intransitive v. To fill a cup or glass for drinking.
  • transitive v. To make full; to supply with as much as can be held or contained; to put or pour into, till no more can be received; to occupy the whole capacity of.
  • transitive v. To furnish an abudant supply to; to furnish with as mush as is desired or desirable; to occupy the whole of; to swarm in or overrun.
  • transitive v. To fill or supply fully with food; to feed; to satisfy.
  • transitive v. To possess and perform the duties of; to officiate in, as an incumbent; to occupy; to hold
  • transitive v. To supply with an incumbent.
  • transitive v.
  • transitive v. To press and dilate, as a sail.
  • transitive v. To trim (a yard) so that the wind shall blow on the after side of the sails.
  • transitive v. To make an embankment in, or raise the level of (a low place), with earth or gravel.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To make full; put or pour something into till no more can be contained; cause to be occupied so that no space, or no available space, is left vacant: as, to fill a basket with fruit; to fill a bottle or a vessel; to fill a church; to fill a cavity in the ground or in a tooth.
  • To occupy the whole capacity or extent of; occupy so as to leave no space, or no appropriate space, vacant; permeate; pervade: as, the water fills the vessel; the company filled the house; air fills the space all around us.
  • To satisfy or content with fullness; glut; satiate.
  • Nautical: To distend, as a sail, to its full extent by pressure, as of the wind.
  • To brace, as the yards, so that the wind will bear upon the sails and distend them.
  • To supply with an incumbent: as, to fill an office or a vacancy.
  • To possess and perform the duties of; officiate in as an incumbent; hold or occupy: as, he fills his office acceptably; to fill the speaker's chair.
  • To pour into something.
  • To stop up the cracks, crevices, or pores of, or hollows in; cover with a substance, as varnish, paste, or sizing, which will smooth or even the surface of, as leather, wood, canvas, or the like; specifically, to apply a varnish or paste to (wood), in order to fill the grain. See filler, 3.
  • In trade, to make up the bulk, or produce a desired appearance of, by using sham or inferior materials; adulterate; doctor; water.
  • To insert so as to complete a list, an account, etc.: as, he filled in the omitted items.
  • To pour out.
  • To make complete or finished.
  • To pour a liquid into a cup or glass until it is full; hence, to give or take to drink.
  • To grow or become full: as, corn fills well in a warm season; a mill-pond fills during the night.
  • An obsolete variant of fell.
  • An obsolete preterit of fall.
  • In poker, to draw cards which improve the hand: usually restricted to filling four-card flushes or straights.
  • To execute: as. to fill an order for goods.
  • To make up: as, to fill a prescription.
  • n. A full supply; enough to satisfy want or desire; as much as gives complete satisfaction.
  • n. An amount of something sufficient for filling; a charge.
  • n. A shaft; a thill.
  • n. A dialectal variant of field.
  • n. Thyme.
  • n. In engineering: An embankment of earth or rock made as a road-bed: the opposite of cut.
  • n. The vertical height of the top of an embankment above the natural surface at any point.
  • n. Deposition alternating with or in contrast to scouring out. The contrasting terms are scour and fill, cut and fill.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. fill to satisfaction
  • n. any material that fills a space or container
  • v. eat until one is sated
  • v. occupy the whole of
  • v. appoint someone to (a position or a job)
  • v. assume, as of positions or roles
  • v. fill or meet a want or need
  • v. become full
  • n. a quantity sufficient to satisfy
  • v. make full, also in a metaphorical sense
  • v. plug with a substance


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English fillen, from Old English fyllan; see pelə-1 in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English fillen, fullen, from Old English fyllan ("to fill, fill up, replenish, satisfy; complete, fulfill"), from Proto-Germanic *fullijanan (“to make full, fill”), from Proto-Indo-European *pl̥h₁nós (“full”). Cognate with Scots fill ("to fill"), West Frisian folje ("to fill"), Dutch vullen ("to fill"), Low German fullen ("to fill"), German füllen ("to fill"), Danish fylde ("to fill"), Swedish fylla ("to fill"), Norwegian fylle ("to fill"), Icelandic fylla ("to fill").

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Old English fyllu, from Proto-Germanic *fullīn. Cognate with German Fülle.



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