from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To reduce the intensity of; relieve: allay back pains. See Synonyms at relieve.
  • transitive v. To calm or pacify; set to rest: allayed the fears of the worried citizens.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm.
  • v. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
  • v. To subside, become peaceful.
  • v. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Alleviation; abatement; check.
  • n. Alloy.
  • transitive v. To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm
  • transitive v. To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate.
  • transitive v. To diminish in strength; to abate; to subside.
  • transitive v. To mix (metals); to mix with a baser metal; to alloy; to deteriorate.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To lay down; cause to lie; lay: as, to allay the dust.
  • To lay aside; set aside; suppress; annul.
  • To put down; humble; overthrow.
  • To put down; quiet; assuage; pacify, appease, calm, as a commotion of the elements, or, figuratively, civil commotions, mental excitement, or an agitated person.
  • To abate, mitigate, or subdue; relieve or alleviate: as, to allay misery or pain; to allay the bitterness of affliction.
  • Synonyms Alleviate, Relieve, Mitigate, Assuage, Allay (see alleviate), calm, quiet, soothe, compose, still, lull, tranquilize, check, repress, soften, ease, moderate.
  • To abate; subside; grow calm.
  • To mix, as metals; especially, to mix a nobler with a baser metal; alloy. See alloy, v., I.
  • Figuratively, to mix with something inferior; contaminate or detract from.
  • To temper; abate or weaken by mixture; dilute, as wine with water; weaken; diminish.
  • To cite; quote; allege.
  • n. That which allays, lightens, or alleviates.
  • n. The act or process of alloying; an alloy.
  • n. Figuratively, admixture, especially of something inferior.
  • n. Mixture; dilution.
  • n. In hunting, the act of laying on the hounds; the addition of fresh hounds to the cry.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. lessen the intensity of or calm
  • v. satisfy (thirst)


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English aleien, from Old English ālecgan, to lay down : ā-, intensive pref. + lecgan, to lay; see lay1.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English alayen, aleyen, aleggen, from Old English ālecgan ("to put, place, lay down, lay aside, throw down, give up, cease from, abandon; put down, allay, suppress, abolish, conquer, destroy, overcome, refute; lay upon, inflict, impose upon; diminish, take away, refuse, lessen, withhold"), from Proto-Germanic *uzlagjanan (“to lay down”), equivalent to a- +‎ lay. Cognate with German erlegen ("to impose, cause to succumb, kill"), Gothic  (uslagjan, "to lay down"). In Middle English the word was identical to forms of allege and alloy, leading to much overlapping of senses.


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