Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • preposition Up to the time of.
  • preposition Before (a specified time).
  • preposition Scots Unto; to.
  • conjunction Up to the time that.
  • conjunction Before.
  • conjunction To the point or extent that.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • To; unto: of place.
  • To; unto; up to: of time.
  • Up to the time that; till the point or degree that: preceding a clause.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • conjunction As far as; to the place or degree that; especially, up to the time that; till. See till, conj.
  • preposition To; unto; towards; -- used of material objects.
  • preposition To; up to; till; before; -- used of time.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • preposition Up to the time of (something happening).
  • preposition Before (a time).
  • conjunction Up to the time that (a condition becomes true).
  • conjunction Before (a condition becoming true).

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English : un-, up to (from Old Norse und; see ant- in Indo-European roots) + til, till; see till.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Old Norse und ("as far as, up to") and til ("until, up to")

Examples

  • O ye who believe! approach not prayer while ye are drunk, until ye well know what ye say; nor yet while polluted, —unless ye be passing by the way, —until ye have washed yourselves.

    Medina Suras. The Chapter of Women.

  • But until he does that, —until he gives a better or more plausible reason than he has offered against the evidence in the case, —I suggest to him it will not avail him at all that he swells himself up, takes on dignity, and calls people liars.

    Fourth Joint Debate at Charleston. Mr. Lincoln's Rejoinder

  • Baby wrath is as free and economical of physical force as are the winsome moods, and this until the personality has developed to some extent, -- that is, _until the child reflects the contractions of those around him.

    Power Through Repose

  • "And when you said just now that you could stand here alone, seeing and hearing, _until -- until_ -- and then stopped, perhaps you wished to say that you could remain here until you understood it all, and knew the meaning of that mysterious pain in your heart?"

    Fan : the story of a young girl's life

  • It had always, until of late, been held the first duty of Parliament _to refuse to support Government_, _until power was in the hands of persons who were acceptable to the people_, _or while factions predominated in the Court in which the nation had no confidence_.

    Thoughts on the Present Discontents, and Speeches, etc.

  • We thought we’d stack the crowns inside until — until  —  ”

    Spotted Hemlock

  • _ [ 'Hear! hear!' and cheers] And, last of all why, if this forgery was so important to him, did John Bumpus forget all about it until he stood on this table; aye, _until the rope was round his neck? _ "

    Gascoyne, The Sandal-Wood Trader A Tale of the Pacific

  • And, last of all, why, if this forgery was so important to him, did John Bumpus forget all about it until he stood on this table; ay, _until the rope was round his neck_? "

    Gascoyne, the Sandal-Wood Trader

  • Berlusconi, facing four separate trials over prostitution and tax fraud charges, has rejected calls to step down, repeating on Friday that he would serve out his term until 2013.

    Reuters: Top News

  • Berlusconi, facing four separate trials over prostitution and tax fraud charges, has rejected calls to step down, repeating on Friday that he would serve out his term until 2013.

    Reuters: Press Release

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