Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A supply accumulated for future use; a store.
  • n. The total merchandise kept on hand by a merchant, commercial establishment, warehouse, or manufacturer.
  • n. All the animals kept or raised on a farm; livestock.
  • n. The capital or fund that a corporation raises through the sale of shares entitling the stockholder to dividends and to other rights of ownership, such as voting rights.
  • n. The number of shares that each stockholder possesses.
  • n. A stock certificate.
  • n. The part of a tally or record of account formerly given to a creditor.
  • n. A debt symbolized by a tally.
  • n. The trunk or main stem of a tree or another plant.
  • n. A plant or stem onto which a graft is made.
  • n. A plant or tree from which cuttings and slips are taken.
  • n. The original progenitor of a family line.
  • n. The descendants of a common ancestor; a family line, especially of a specified character: comes from farming stock.
  • n. Ancestry or lineage; antecedents.
  • n. The type from which a group of animals or plants has descended.
  • n. A race, family, or other related group of animals or plants.
  • n. An ethnic group or other major division of the human race.
  • n. A group of related languages.
  • n. A group of related families of languages.
  • n. The raw material out of which something is made.
  • n. The broth in which meat, fish, bones, or vegetables are simmered for a relatively long period, used as a base in preparing soup, gravy, or sauces.
  • n. A main upright part, especially a supporting structure or block.
  • n. Nautical The timber frame that supports a ship during construction.
  • n. A frame in which a horse or other animal is held for shoeing or for veterinary treatment. Often used in the plural.
  • n. A device consisting of a heavy timber frame with holes for confining the ankles and sometimes the wrists, formerly used for punishment.
  • n. Nautical A crosspiece at the end of the shank of an anchor.
  • n. The wooden block from which a bell is suspended.
  • n. The rear wooden, metal, or plastic handle or support of a rifle, pistol, or automatic weapon, to which the barrel and mechanism are attached.
  • n. The long supporting structure and mooring beam of field-gun carriages that trails along the ground to provide stability and support.
  • n. A handle, such as that of a whip, a fishing rod, or various carpentry tools.
  • n. The frame of a plow, to which the share, handles, coulter, and other parts are fastened.
  • n. A theatrical stock company.
  • n. The repertoire of such a company.
  • n. A theater or theatrical activity, especially outside of a main theatrical center: a small role in summer stock.
  • n. Botany Any of several Eurasian and Mediterranean plants of the genus Matthiola in the mustard family, especially M. incana, widely cultivated for its clusters of showy, variously colored flowers.
  • n. Games The portion of a pack of cards or of a group of dominoes that is not dealt out but is drawn from during a game.
  • n. Geology A body of intrusive igneous rock of which less than 100 square kilometers (40 square miles) is exposed.
  • n. Zoology A compound organism, such as a colony of zooids.
  • n. Personal reputation or status: a teacher whose stock with the students is rising.
  • n. Confidence or credence: I put no stock in that statement.
  • n. A long white neckcloth worn as part of a formal riding habit.
  • n. A broad scarf worn around the neck, especially by certain clerics.
  • n. Rolling stock.
  • transitive v. To provide or furnish with a stock of something, especially:
  • transitive v. To supply (a shop) with merchandise.
  • transitive v. To supply (a farm) with livestock.
  • transitive v. To fill (a stream, for example) with fish.
  • transitive v. To keep for future sale or use.
  • transitive v. To provide (a rifle, for example) with a stock.
  • transitive v. Obsolete To put (someone) in the stocks as a punishment.
  • intransitive v. To gather and lay in a supply of something: stock up on canned goods.
  • intransitive v. To put forth or sprout new shoots. Used of a plant.
  • adj. Kept regularly in stock: a stock item.
  • adj. Repeated regularly without any thought or originality; routine: a stock answer.
  • adj. Employed in dealing with or caring for stock or merchandise: a stock clerk.
  • adj. Of or relating to the raising of livestock: stock farming.
  • adj. Used for breeding: a stock mare.
  • adj. Of or relating to a stock company or its repertoire.
  • adj. Of or being a conventional character or situation that recurs in many literary or cinematic works.
  • idiom in stock Available for sale or use; on hand.
  • idiom out of stock Not available for sale or use.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A store or supply
  • n. The capital raised by a company through the issue of shares. The total of shares held by an individual shareholder.
  • n. The raw material from which things are made; feedstock
  • n. Stock theater, summer stock theater
  • n. The trunk and woody main stems of a tree. The base from which something grows or branches.
  • n. Any of the several species of cruciferous flowers in the genus Matthiola.
  • n. A handle or stem to which the working part of an implement or weapon is attached
  • n. Part of a machine that supports items or holds them in place.
  • n. A bar, stick or rod
  • n. A bed for infants; a crib, cot, or cradle
  • n. A piece of wood magically made to be just like a real baby and substituted for it by magical beings.
  • n. Broth made from meat (originally bones) or vegetables, used as a basis for stew or soup.
  • n. A necktie or cravat, particularly a wide necktie popular in the eighteenth century, often seen today as a part of formal wear for horse riding competitions.
  • n. A piece of black cloth worn under a clerical collar.
  • n. A cover for the legs; a stocking
  • v. To have on hand for sale.
  • adj. Of a type normally available for purchase/in stock.
  • adj. Having the same configuration as cars sold to the non-racing public, or having been modified from such a car.
  • adj. Straightforward, ordinary, very basic.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Used or employed for constant service or application, as if constituting a portion of a stock or supply; standard; permanent; standing
  • n. The stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed, strong, firm part; the trunk.
  • n. The stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.
  • n. A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm support; a post.
  • n. Hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or post; one who has little sense.
  • n. The principal supporting part; the part in which others are inserted, or to which they are attached.
  • n. The wood to which the barrel, lock, etc., of a rifle or like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular piece of wood, which is an important part of several forms of gun carriage.
  • n. The handle or contrivance by which bits are held in boring; a bitstock; a brace.
  • n. The block of wood or metal frame which constitutes the body of a plane, and in which the plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.
  • n. The wooden or iron crosspiece to which the shank of an anchor is attached. See Illust. of Anchor.
  • n. The support of the block in which an anvil is fixed, or of the anvil itself.
  • n. A handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for cutting screws; a diestock.
  • n. The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer, which was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as the evidence of indebtedness. See Counterfoil.
  • n. The original progenitor; also, the race or line of a family; the progenitor of a family and his direct descendants; lineage; family.
  • n. Money or capital which an individual or a firm employs in business; fund; in the United States, the capital of a bank or other company, in the form of transferable shares, each of a certain amount; money funded in government securities, called also the public funds; in the plural, property consisting of shares in joint-stock companies, or in the obligations of a government for its funded debt; -- so in the United States, but in England the latter only are called stocks, and the former shares.
  • n. Same as Stock account, below.
  • n. Supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods.
  • n. Domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or raised on a farm; ; -- called also live stock.
  • n. That portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of certain games, as gleek, etc., but which might be drawn from afterward as occasion required; a bank.
  • n. A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.
  • n. A covering for the leg, or leg and foot
  • n. A kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck.
  • n. A frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or the feet and hands, of criminals were formerly confined by way of punishment.
  • n. The frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building.
  • n. Red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.
  • n. Any cruciferous plant of the genus Matthiola.
  • n. An irregular metalliferous mass filling a large cavity in a rock formation, as a stock of lead ore deposited in limestone.
  • n. A race or variety in a species.
  • n. In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons (see Person), as trees, chains of salpæ, etc.
  • n. The beater of a fulling mill.
  • n. A liquid or jelly containing the juices and soluble parts of meat, and certain vegetables, etc., extracted by cooking; -- used in making soup, gravy, etc.
  • n. Raw material; that out of which something is manufactured.
  • n. A plain soap which is made into toilet soap by adding perfumery, coloring matter, etc.
  • transitive v. To lay up; to put aside for future use; to store, as merchandise, and the like.
  • transitive v. To provide with material requisites; to store; to fill; to supply
  • transitive v. To suffer to retain milk for twenty-four hours or more previous to sale, as cows.
  • transitive v. To put in the stocks.
  • transitive v.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A wooden post; a stake; a stump.
  • n. A wooden block; a block; a log; hence, something lifeless and senseless.
  • n. A person who is as dull and senseless as a block or a log.
  • n. A dull object or recipient of action or notice, as of wonder, scorn, or laughter; a butt: generally the second element in a compound: as, a gazing-stock; a laughing-stock.
  • n. The stalk, stem, or trunk of a tree or other plant; the main body, or fixed and firm part.
  • n. A stem in which a graft is inserted, and which is its support; also, a stem, tree, or plant that furnishes slips or cuttings.
  • n. Hence The original progenitor of a family or race; the person from whom any given line of descent or inheritance is derived. See stock of descent, below.
  • n. Direct line of descent; race; lineage; family: as, children of the stock of Abraham.
  • n. The principal supporting or holding part; the part in which other parts are inserted, or to which they are attached in order to furnish a firm support or hold.
  • n. A stiff band of horsehair, leather, or the like, covered with black satin, cambric, or similar material, and made to imitate and replace the cravat or neckband: formerly worn by men generally, and, in some forms, still in military use. It was sometimes fastened behind with a buckle, which was often an ornamental object.
  • n. The front part, especially the front side-piece, of a bed.
  • n. plural An apparatus for the confinement of vagrants and petty offenders, formerly in use in different parts of Europe, and retained until recently in country villages in England.
  • n. The frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building; hence, generally, on the stocks, in course of construction or preparation.
  • n. That part of the tally which the creditor took away as evidence of the king's debt, the part retained in the Exchequer being called the counterstock. See tally.
  • n. In finance: The money represented by this tally; money lent to a government, or a fund consisting of a capital debt due by a government to individual holders who receive a fixed rate of interest.
  • n. The share capital of a corporation or commercial company; the fund employed in the carrying on of some business or enterprise, divided into shares of equal amount, and owned by individuals who jointly form a corporation; in the plural, shares: as, bank stock; railway stock; stocks and bonds.
  • n. The property which a merchant, a tradesman, or a company has invested in any business, including merchandise, money, and credits; more particularly, the goods” which a merchant or a commercial house keeps on hand for the supply of customers.
  • n. Fund; sum of money.
  • n. Hoard or accumulation; store; supply; fund which may be drawn upon as occasion demands: as, to lay in a stock of provisions; a stock of information.
  • n. Share; portion.
  • n. Ground; reason; evidence; proof.
  • n. The part of a pack of cards which in certain games is not dealt out, but left on the table, to be drawn from as occasion requires.
  • n. In agriculture: The horses, cattle, sheep, and other useful animals raised or kept on a farm or ranch: distinctively known as live stock: as, a farmer's land and stock. The term is extended to any animals, as fish or oysters, artificially propagated.
  • n. The implements of husbandry stored for use. Also called dead stock.
  • n. The raw material from which anything is made; stuff; material: as, paper-stock (rags, fiber, wood-pulp, etc.); soap-stock.
  • n. The liquor or broth prepared by boiling meat, with or without vegetables, etc., so as to extract the nutritious properties, and used as a foundation for different kinds of soup. Also called soup-stock.
  • n. A good kind of red and gray brick, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.
  • n. A name of several cruciferous garden-flowers.
  • n. A covering for the leg; a stocking. Compare nether-stocks.
  • n. In heraldry, the stump of a tree used as a bearing: represented as cut square on top and eradicated—that is, torn up by the roots—with at least the main roots indicated.
  • n. The pillar or post on which the holy-water vessel was fixed.
  • n. Hence— A holywater vessel, or aspersorium.
  • n. The proceeds of the sale of the catch of a fishing-trip; the net value of a cargo of fish.
  • n. plural A frame in which a horse or other animal can be secured or slung for shoeing or for a veterinary operation.
  • n. In mining, sometimes used as the equivalent of the German stock (plural stöcke), especially in translating from that language.
  • n. In early forms of feudalism, commendation. See to accept stock, below.
  • n. In zoology, a compound, colonial, or aggregate organism; an aggregate of persons forming one organic whole, which may grow by budding or cast off parts to start a new set of persons: as, a polyp-stock.
  • n. In Eng. finance, a certificate issued by or on behalf of the government, pursuant to the National Debt Act, 33 and 34 Vict., c. 71, to a holder of consols or of some other public indebtedness or annuities, as evidence of his title to such stock, with coupons annexed, entitling the bearer of the coupon to the corresponding dividend. A stock certificate is evidence of title to the stock, as distinguished from the stock itself, which is considered as an intangible right.
  • n. A company of actors and actresses employed more or less permanently under the same management, and usually connected with a central or home theater.
  • n. In com., to make an inventory of stock or goods on hand; hence, with of, to make an estimate of; set a value upon; investigate for the purpose of forming an opinion; loosely, to notice.
  • n. Hence— To repose confidence in; believe in: as, to take little stock in one's stories.
  • Kept in stock; ready for service at all times; habitually produced or used; standing; as, a stock play; a stock anecdote; a stock sermon.
  • To provide with a stock, handle, or the like: as, to stock a gun or an anchor.
  • To fasten, bolt, or bar, as a door or window.
  • To put in the stocks as a punishment; hence, to confine; imprison.
  • To lay up in store; accumulate for future use: as, to stock goods.
  • To provide or supply with Stock.
  • To supply with cattle, sheep, etc., or, in some uses, to supply with domestic animals, implements, etc.: as, to stock a farm.
  • To furnish with a permanent growth, especially with grass: as, to stock a pasture.
  • To suffer to retain milk for many hours, as cows before selling.
  • To dig up; root out; extirpate by grubbing: sometimes with up.
  • Same as stack, 2.
  • To branch out into shoots immediately above ground; tiller: applied to grasses, grain, or flowers.
  • To send out sprouts, as from a stem which has been cut over: said of a tree or plant.
  • To make a certain profit on stock. See stock, n., 30.
  • To hit with a rapier or stock.
  • n. Same as estoc; also, a thrusting-sword used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, superseding the cut-and-thrust sword of earlier times.
  • n. Same as stoccade, 1.
  • n. The handle attached to the wooden cup that secured the inking-ball used in early hand-press printing.
  • n. Same as head-stock, 2.
  • n. In geology, a large columnar intrusion of eruptive rock, the length and breadth of which are roughly equal. A stock may be the deep-seated and uneroded portion of a volcanic neck or plug. Compare def. 32.
  • n. The material removed from a quarry which is of suitable size to be worked into marketable articles.
  • n. plural A moldy defect sometimes found on wool and woolens that have been stored while damp in a warm, badly ventilated room.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the reputation and popularity a person has
  • adj. routine
  • n. any animals kept for use or profit
  • v. have on hand
  • n. any of several Old World plants cultivated for their brightly colored flowers
  • n. the capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to an ownership interest (equity)
  • n. liquid in which meat and vegetables are simmered; used as a basis for e.g. soups or sauces
  • v. amass so as to keep for future use or sale or for a particular occasion or use
  • v. supply with fish
  • v. put forth and grow sprouts or shoots
  • v. provide or furnish with a stock of something
  • n. the descendants of one individual
  • n. persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant
  • n. lumber used in the construction of something
  • n. a certificate documenting the shareholder's ownership in the corporation
  • adj. regularly and widely used or sold
  • n. a special variety of domesticated animals within a species
  • n. a supply of something available for future use
  • v. supply with livestock

Etymologies

Middle English stok, from Old English stocc, tree trunk.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Old English stocc, with modern senses mostly referring either to the trunk from which the tree grows (figuratively, its origin and/or support/foundation), or to a piece of wood, stick, or rod. How the senses of "supply" and "raw material" developed from these is unclear, however. (Wiktionary)

Examples

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.

  • In Ashes Valley this evening I crawl under
            sheltering bushes
    Joined at the same stock, so close together they
            let no light through them...

    - Peter Reading, C, 1984

    September 28, 2008

  • Also a flower; see also Virginia stock

    December 31, 2007